Finnish Civil War between the Reds and the Whites, January - April.
Habsburg Empire ceases to exist.
Grand Duchy of Baden ceases to exist.
Iceland becomes an independent state, under the Danish crown, with foreign affairs
handled by Denmark.
January 8 - President Woodrow Wilson announces his "Fourteen Points" for the
aftermath of World War I.
February 3 - The Twin Peaks Tunnel begins service in San Francisco as the longest
streetcar tunnel in the world (11,920 feet long).
February 1 - Russia adopts the Gregorian Calendar.
February 8 - The Stars and Stripes newspaper publishes for the first time.
February 14 - The Soviet Union adopts the Gregorian calendar (1 February according
to the Julian calendar). As a consequence the anniversary of the Russian Revolution,
previously October, now falls in November.
February 16 - Lithuania declares its independence from both Russia and Germany.
February 24 - Estonia declares its independence from Russia.
March 3 - World War I: Germany, Austria and Bolshevist Russia sign the Treaty of
Brest-Litovsk ending Russia's involvement in the war.
March 5 - The Soviet Union moves its national capital from Petrograd to Moscow.
March 6 - Finnish Air Force founded. The blue swastika is adopted as its symbol as a
tribute to the Swedish explorer and aviator Eric von Rosen who donated the first plane.
Von Rosen had painted the buddhist symbol on the plane as his personal lucky insignia.
March 7 - World War I: Finland forms an alliance with Germany.
March 19 - The United States Congress establishes time zones and approves daylight
saving time (DST went into effect on March 31).
March 21 - World War I: Second Battle of the Somme begins.
April 1 - The Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service are merged to form
the Royal Air Force.
May 15 - The Post Office Department (later renamed the USPS) begins the first regular
airmail service in the world (between New York City, Philadelphia and Washington, DC).
May 16 - The Sedition Act of 1918 is approved by US Congress.
May 26 - The Democratic Republic of Georgia is established.
June 1 - World War I: Battle for Belleau Wood begins.
July - The Siberian Expedition is launched to extract the Czechoslovak Legion
from the Russian civil war.
July 4 - Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Mehmed V (Resad) (1909-1918)
to Mehmed VI (Vahdettin) (1918-1922).
July 9 - Great Train Wreck of 1918: In Nashville, Tennessee, an inbound local train
collides with an outbound express killing 101.
July 15 - World War I: Second Battle of the Marne - The battle begins near the River
Marne with a German attack.
July 16 - Russian Revolution: At Ekaterinburg, Bolsheviks execute Czar Nicholas II of
Russia and his family.
August - "Spanish Flu" Influenza becomes pandemic; over twenty-five million people
die in the following six months (three times as many as died during the war).
August 8 - World War I: Battle of Amiens - Canadian troops, backed by Australians,
begin a string of almost continuous victories with a push through the German front lines.
German General Erich Ludendorff will later call this the "black day of the German army."
October 8 - World War I - In the Argonne Forest in France, US Corporal Alvin C. York
almost single-handedly kills 25 German soldiers and captures 132..
October 28 - Czechoslovakia gains its independence from Austria-Hungary.
October 28 - New Polish government in Western Galicia (Central Europe).
November 1 - Malbone Street Wreck: the worst rapid transit accident in world
history occurs under the intersection of Malbone Street and Flatbush Avenue,
Brooklyn, New York City, with at least 93 dead.
November 3 - World War I: Austria-Hungary enters an armistice with the Allies.
November 3 - Poland declares its independence from Russia.
November 6 - A new Polish government is proclaimed in Lublin.
November 9 - Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany abdicates and chooses to live in
exile in the Netherlands.
November 9 - Provisional National Council Minister-President Kurt Eisner declares
Bavaria to be a republic.
November 11 - World War I ends: Germany signs an armistice agreement with the
Allies in a railroad car outside of Compiègne in France.
November 11 - Poland's Jozef Pilsudski is offered the position of head of state by
all existing governments. Independence Day.
November 11 - Emperor Charles I of Austria abdicates.
November 12 - Austria becomes a republic.
November 14 - Czechoslovakia becomes a republic.
November 18 - Latvia declares its independence from Russia.
December 1 - Iceland becomes a self-governing kingdom, yet remains united
December 1 - New voting laws in Sweden. Votes no longer dependent on
taxable assets. One person, one vote.
December 1 - Following the March 27 incorporation of Bessarabia and Bucovina,
Transylvania unites with Romania.
December 1 - The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later known as the
Kingdom of Yugoslavia) is proclaimed.
December 4 - US President Woodrow Wilson sails for the Paris Peace Conference,
becoming the first US president to travel to Europe while in office..Year in topic
1918 in film
February 14 - The movie Tarzan of the Apes is released.
1918 in literature
The Magnificent Ambersons by Booth Tarkington.
Eminent Victorians by Lytton Strachey.Births
January 2 - Jacob van den Houten
January 6 - Jacobus (Ko) van den Houten
January 15 - Gamal Abdal Nasser
, President of Egypt (d. 1970).
January 15 - Robert Byrd
, American politician.
January 16 - Stirling Silliphant
, writer, producer (d. 1996).
January 20 - Esquivel
January 25 - Ernie Harwell
, baseball sportscaster.
January 26 - Nicolae Ceausescu
, Romanian dictator (d. 1989).
January 26 - Philip Jose Farmer
, science fiction writer.
January 27 - Skitch Henderson
, musician, band leader.
January 29 - John Forsythe
February 1 - Dame Muriel Spark
February 3 - Helen Stephens
, American sprinter.
February 6 - Lothar-Günther Buchheim
, author of Das Boot.
February 8 - Fred Blassie
, former professional wrestler (d. 2003).
February 25 - Bobby Riggs
, tennis player (d. 1995).
February 26 - Theodore Sturgeon
, science fiction writer (d. 1985).
March 3 - Fritz Thiedemann
, equestrian (d. 2000).
March 5 - James Tobin
, economist (d. 2002).
March 9 - Mickey Spillane
, mystery writer.
March 9 - George Lincoln Rockwell
, American Nazi leader (d. 1967).
March 10 - Bernardus Hendrikus Jochems
March 10 - Heywood Hale Broun
, sports journalist, commentator (d. 2001).
March 16 - Frederick Reines
, physicist (1995 Nobel Prize in Physics).
March 17 - Mercedes McCambridge
March 23 - Stanislaw Kupfer
March 25 - Howard Cosell
, attorney, lecturer, sports journalist (d. 1995).
March 29 - Pearl Bailey
, singer, actress (d. 1990).
April 16 - Spike Milligan
April 21 - Lucas Roelof van den Houten
April 26 - Fanny Blankers-Koen
, Dutch athlete.
April 27 - Johanna Marka Krijgsman
May 5 - Johanna Adriana Hermina Lingmont
May 9 - Mike Wallace
May 9 - Orville L. Freeman
, American politician (d. 2003).
May 11 - Richard Feynman
, physicist (d. 1988).
May 12 - Julius Rosenberg
, spy (d. 1953).
May 15 - Eddy Arnold
June 18 - Franco Modigliani
June 30 - Cornelis van den Houten
July 4 - Ann Landers
, advice columnist (d. 2002).
July 4 - Abigail Van Buren
, advice columnist and twin sister to Ann Landers.
July 10 - Andreas Johannes Hagenaars
July 13 - Alberto Ascari
, Italian F1 race car driver (d. 1955).
July 14 - Ingmar Bergman
, Swedish film director.
July 15 - Bertram N. Brockhouse
, Canadian scientist.
July 18 - Wilhelmina de Leeuw
July 18 - Nelson Mandela
, South African prisoner of conscience and president.
July 23 - Annetta Titia van Dellen
August 8 - Brian Stonehouse
, painter, SOE agent in WW II (d. 1998).
August 13 - Frederick Sanger
, molecular biologist.
August 25 - Leonard Bernstein
, American composer and conductor.
August 30 - Ted Williams
, American baseball player (d. 2002).
September 19 - Pieternella Helena van de Velde
September 22 - Henryk Szeryng
, violinist (d. 1988).
October 19 - Louis Althusser
, French Marxist philosopher.
September 4 - Paul Harvey
, legendary American radio broadcaster.
December 11 - Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
, Russian writer.
December 12 - Joe Williams
, jazz singer (d. 1999).
December 21 - Donald Regan
, Chief of Staff and U.S. Treasury Secretary (d. 2003).
December 25 - Anwar Sadat
, Egyptian president.
December 31 - Antje Johanna van Kamp
January 6 - Georg Cantor
, German mathematician.
January 28 - John McCrae
, Canadian soldier, poet.
February 6 - Gustav Klimt
, Austrian painter.
March 25 - Claude Debussy
, French composer.
March 27 - Henry Adams
, American historian.
March 28 - N.N. van den Houten. (boy)
April 23 - N.N. Nieuwhof. (boy)
May 14 - James Gordon Bennett
, Jr., newspaper publisher.
June 17 - Maria van den Houten
July 3 - Sultan Mehmed V
of the Ottoman Empire.
June 10 - Arrigo Boito
, poet and composer.
July 17 - Tsar Nicholas II
of Russia and his family.
August 10 - Maarten van den Houten
August 18 - Henry Norwest
, one of the most famous snipers of World War I.
September 12 - George Reid
, fourth Prime Minister of Australia.
September 16 - Carel Jacobus Stroosnijder
September 28 - Georg Simmel
, German sociologist and philosopher.
October 23 - Geertje van den Houten
November 22 - Maria Boogaard
December 2 - Cornelia van den Houten
December 14 - Maria van den Houten
December 22 - Pieter Redert
December 29 - Janna van de Velde
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