January 2 - Sharon Pratt Dixon
is sworn in as mayor of Washington, DC becoming the first
black woman to lead a city of that size and importance.
January 4 - The United Nations Security Council votes unanimously condemning Israel's
treatment of Palestinians.
January 11 - The Soviets storm Vilnius to stop Lithuanian independence.
January 12 - Gulf War: The United States Congress passes a resolution authorizing the use
of military force to liberate Kuwait.
January 12 - Persian Gulf War: An act of the United States Congress authorizes the use of
military force to drive Iraq out of Kuwait.
January 16 - Gulf War: The air strikes against Iraq begin.
January 16 - Operation Desert Storm begins.
January 17 - Gulf War: Iraq fires 8 Scud missiles into Israel.
January 18 - Eastern Airlines shuts down after 62 years citing financial problems.
January 27 - Siad Barre flees his compound in Mogadishu.
February 4 - The Baseball Hall of Fame votes to ban Pete Rose.
February 5 - A Michigan court bars Dr. Jack Kevorkian from assisting in suicides.
February 7 - Haiti's first democratically-elected president, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, is sworn in.
February 9 - Voters in Lithuania vote for independence.
February 11 - UNPO, the Unrepresented Nations & People Organization forms
in the Hague, Netherlands.
February 13 - Gulf War: Two laser-guided "smart bombs" destroy an underground bunker in
Baghdad killing hundreds of Iraqis. Iraqi officials claim that the bunker was a bomb shelter
but United States military intelligence identified it as a military facility.
February 15 - The Visegard Agreement, establishing cooperation to move toward free-market
systems, is signed by the leaders of Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland.
February 16 - Gulf War: U.S. and U.K. war planes bomb the suburbs of Baghdad, injuring at
least 11 civilians and killing three others.
February 22 - Gulf War: Iraq accepts a Russian proposed cease fire agreement. The US
rejected the agreement, but said that retreating Iraqi forces would not be attacked if they
left Kuwait within 24 hours.
February 23 - Gulf War: Ground troops cross the Saudi Arabia border and enter Kuwait,
thus starting the ground-phase of the war.
February 25 - Gulf War: An Iraqi Scud missile hits an American military barracks in Dhahran,
Saudi Arabia killing 28 US Marines.
February 26 - Gulf War: On Baghdad Radio Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein announces the
withdrawal of Iraqi troops from Kuwait. Iraqi soldiers set fire to Kuwaiti oil fields as they retreat.
February 26 - Tim Berners-Lee introduces the web browser.
February 27 - Gulf War: Kuwait is liberated, and a ceasefire is declared, after 100 hours
of ground fighting. Iraq accepts the terms of the ceasefire, which call for the country to disarm.
March 3 - An amateur video captures the beating of Rodney King by Los Angeles police officers.
March 9 - Massive demonstrations are held against Slobodan Milosevic in Belgrade.
Two people are killed and tanks are in the streets.
March 10 - Gulf War: Operation Phase Echo - 540,000 American troops begin to
leave the Persian Gulf.
March 11 - A curfew is imposed on black townships in South Africa after fighting
between rival political gangs killed 49.
March 13 - The United States Department of Justice annouces that Exxon has agreed to
pay $1 billion for the clean-up of the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska.
March 14 - After 16 years in prison for allegedly bombing a pub in an Irish Republican
Army attack, the "Birmingham Six" are freed when a court determines that the
police fabricated evidence.
March 15 - Four Los Angeles, California police officers are indicted for the
videotaped March 3, 1991 beating of motorist Rodney King during an arrest.
March-April - Iraqi forces suppress rebellions in the southern and northern parts of the
country, creating a humanitarian disaster on the borders of Turkey and Iran.
March 31 - The Warsaw Pact comes to an end.
April 3 - Iraq disarmament crisis: The U.N. Security Council passes the Cease Fire
Agreement, Resolution 687. The resolution called for the destruction, or
removal of all of Iraq's chemical and biological weapons, all stocks of agents and
components, all research, development, support and manufacturing facilities for
ballistic missiles with a range greater than 150km and production facilities, and
end its support for international terrorism.
Iraq accepts the terms of the resolution on April 6.
April 4 - Senator John Heinz of Pennsylvania and six others are killed when a helicopter
collided with their plane over Merion, Pennsylvania.
April 18 - Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraq declares some of its chemical weapons
and materials to the UN, as required by Resolution 687, and claims that it does not have
biological weapons program.
May 15 - Edith Cresson becomes France's first female premier.
May 16 - Queen Elizabeth II gives a speech to the US Congress.
May 19 - Willy T. Ribbs became the first African-American driver to qualify for the
May 21 - In Madras, former Indian prime minister Rajiv Gandhi is assassinated by a
terrorist bomb hidden in a bouquet of flowers.
May 26 - In Thailand, a Lauda Air Boeing 767 crashes near Bangkok killing
all 223 people on-board.
June 23-28 - Iraq disarmament crisis: U.N. inspection teams attempt to intercept Iraqi
vehicles carrying nuclear related equipment. Iraqi soldiers fire warning shots in
the air to prevent inspectors from approaching the vehicles.
June 25 - Croatia and Slovenia declare their independence from Yugoslavia.
July 1 - The Warsaw Pact is officially dissolved.
July 9 - International Human Rights Federation cites human rights violations committed by
police and military personnel during Oka crisis in Quebec.
July 10 - Boris Yeltsin begins his 5-year term as the first elected president of Russia.
July 22 - Serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer is arrested after the remains of 11 men and boys
are found in his Milwaukee, Wisconsin apartment.
August 6 - Tim Berners-Lee releases files describing his idea for the "World Wide Web."
August 18 - Collapse of the Soviet Union: Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev is put
under house arrest while he was vacationing in the Crimea. The coup was led by
eight high-ranking hard-liners (the coup will collapse in less than 72 hours).
August 20 - Collapse of the Soviet Union: Estonia declares its independence from
the Soviet Union and more than 100,000 people rally outside the Soviet Union's
parliament building protesting the coup that deposed President Mikhail Gorbachev.
August 21 - Latvia declares its independence from the Soviet Union.
September 3 - In Hamlet, North Carolina, a grease fire breaks out at the Imperial Foods
chicken processing plant, killing 25 people.
September 6 - The Soviet Union recognizes the independence of the Baltic States.
September 6 - The name Saint Petersburg is restored to Russia's second largest city,
which had been renamed "Leningrad" in 1924.
September 21-30 - Iraq disarmament crisis: IAEA inspectors discover files on Iraq's
hiden nuclear weapons program. Iraqi officials confiscate documents from UN
weapons inspectors, and refuse to allow them to leave the site without turning over other
documents. A four-day standoff ensues. Iraq permits the team to leave with the documents
after a statement from the UN Security Council threatens enforcement actions.
December 1 - Cold War: Ukrainian voters overwhelmingly approve a referendum for
independence from the Soviet Union.
October 8 - The Croatian Parliament cuts all remaining ties with Yugoslavia.
October 11 - Iraq disarmament crisis: The U.N. Security Council passes Resolution 715,
which demands that Iraq "accept unconditionally the inspectors and all other personnel
designated by the Special Commission". Iraq rejects the resolution, calling it "unlawful".
October 15 - Following a bitter confirmation hearing that involved allegations of sexual
misconduct, the United States Senate votes 52 to 48 to confirm Judge Clarence
Thomas to the Supreme Court of the United States.
October 20 - Oakland Hills firestorm kills 25 and destroys 3469 homes and apartments.
October 29 - The American Galileo spacecraft makes its closest approach to 951 Gaspra,
becoming the first probe to visit an asteroid.
November 14 - American and British authorities announce indictments against
two Libyan intelligence officials in connection with the downing of the Pan Am Flight 103.
November 14 - Cambodian Prince Norodom Sihanouk returns to Phnom Penh
after 13 years of exile.
November 18 - Shiite Muslim kidnappers in Lebanon set Anglican Church envoys
Terry Waite and Thomas Sutherland free.
November 27 - The United Nations Security Council unanimously adopts UN Security
Council Resolution 721, leading the way to the establishment of peacekeeping
operations in Yugoslavia.
December 4 - Journalist Terry Anderson is released after a seven years' captivity as a
hostage in Beirut (he was the last and longest-held American hostage in Lebanon).
December 4 - Pan Am Airlines ends operations.
December 25 - Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as president of the Soviet Union.
December 26 - Supreme Soviet meets and formally dissolves the USSR.
December 31 The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics officially ceases to exist.
Linus Torvalds releases the Linux kernel.
Carbon nanotubes discovered by Sumio Iijima.
Exhumation of US President Zachary Taylor to discover whether or not his death was
caused by arsenic poisoning, instead of acute gastrointestinal illness. No trace
of arsenic is found.
1991 in film
Terminator 2: Judgment Day.
The Silence of the Lambs.
1991 in video games and computing
Knowledge Adventure founded by Bill Gross.
June 23 - Sonic the Hedgehog is released for the Sega Genesis in North America. The
European Megadrive version would be released later that month.
July 26 - Sonic the Hedgehog is released for the Sega Megadrive in Japan.
September 1 - The Super Nintendo Entertainment System is released in North America.
October 23 - Sonic the Hedgehog Master System version is released in Brazil.
December 28 - Sonic the Hedgehog Game Gear version is released in Japan. The North
American and European releases follow during the same month.Births
April 4 - Jamie Spears
, television show host.
August 24 - Mattan Christian van den Houten
January 17 - Hillegonda van Kamp
January 17 - King Olav V
January 18 - Leo Hurwitz
, documentary film producer.
January 29 - Yasushi Inoue
January 30 - John Bardeen
, physicist, winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics twice.
January 30 - John McIntire
February 5 - Dean Jagger
February 6 - Danny Thomas
, singer, comedian, actor.
February 11 - Oscar Nitzchke
, German architect.
February 21 - Dame Margot Fonteyn
, ballet dancer.
February 24 - George Gobel
February 24 - John Daly
, journalist, game show host.
March 2 - Serge Gainsbourg
March 3 - Arthur Murray
, dancer, dance instructor.
March 14 - Doc Pomus
March 14 - Howard Ashman
March 29 - Lee Atwater
, Republican advisor.
April 1 - Martha Graham
, dancer, choreographer.
April 3 - Graham Greene
April 4 - H. John Heinz III
, member U.S. Senate in a plane crash.
April 4 - Forrest Towns
, American hurdler.
April 6 - Cornelis van den Houten
April 14 - Cornelis van den Houten
April 23 - Hermina Geerling
April 26 - Carmine Coppola
, composer, conductor.
April 26 - William Andrew Paton
, accountant and economist.
April 30 - Anna van den Houten
May 22 - Derrick Henry Lehmer
July 20 - Krina van den Houten
August 13 - James Roosevelt
, American businessman, politician.
August 29 - Elisa Maria Mussers
August 30 - Jean Tinguely
, kinetic artist.
September 26 - Miles Davis
, musician (b. 1926).
November 15 - Alger Hiss
, former U.S. State Department official.
November 24 - Freddie Mercury
, singer, Queen frontman.
November - William van Houten
December 16 - Horatio Luro
, Hall of Fame racehorse trainer.To my Homepage