January 1 - Nationalisation of UK railways to form British Railways.
January 4 - Burma gains its independence from the United Kingdom.
January 5 - Warner Brothers shows the first color newsreel (Tournament of Roses Parade
and the Rose Bowl).
January 30 - Indian pacifist and leader Mahatma Gandhi is murdered by a Hindu extremist.
January 30 - 1948 Winter Olympics open in St. Moritz, Switzerland.
February 4 - Ceylon (later renamed Sri Lanka) becomes independent within the British
Commonwealth. King George VI becomes King of Ceylon.
February 18 - Eamon de Valera, head of government since 1932, loses power to an
opposition coalition. John A. Costello is appointed Taoiseach of Éire (formerly called
the Irish Free State) by President O'Kelly.
February 24 - The Communist Party seizes control of Czechoslovakia.
March 8 - The United States Supreme Court rules that religious instruction in public schools
violated the Constitution.
April 1 - Cold War: Berlin Airlift - Military forces, under direction of the Soviet-controlled
government in East Germany, establish a land blockade of West Berlin.
April 3 - President Harry Truman signs the Marshall Plan which authorizes $5 billion in aid
for 16 countries.
April 7 - The World Health Organization is established by the United Nations.
April 9 - The Deir Yassin massacre takes place in Palestine.
May 14 - Israel is declared as an independent state.
May 14 - The murder of a three-year-old girl in Blackburn, England leads to the fingerprinting
of more than 40,000 men in the city in an attempt to find the murderer.
May 15 - Egypt, Transjordan, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia attack Israel.
May 16 - Chaim Weizmann is elected as the first President of Israel.
May 18 - The First Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China officially convenes in Nanking.
May 26 - The United States Congress passes Public Law 557 which permanently establishes
the Civil Air Patrol as the auxiliary of the United States Air Force.
May 30 - A dike along the Columbia River breaks, obliterating Vanport, Oregon within
minutes. 15 people died and tens of thousands are left homeless.
June 28 Cominform Resolution marks the beginning of the Informbiro period in Yugoslavia
and Soviet/Yugoslav split.
July 5 - British National Health Service Act enacted.
July 20 - Cold War: President Harry S. Truman issues the first peacetime military draft in
the United States amid increasing tensions with the Soviet Union.
July 26 - U.S. President signs Executive Order 9981, ending segregation in the
United States Armed Forces.
July 31 - At Idlewild Field in New York, New York International Airport (later renamed
John F. Kennedy International Airport) is dedicated.
September 4 - Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands abdicates for health reasons.
September 6 - Juliana becomes Queen of the Netherlands.
November 2 - U.S. presidential election, 1948: Harry S. Truman defeats Thomas
E. Dewey for the US presidency.
November 12 - In Tokyo, an international war crimes tribunal sentences seven Japanese
military and government officials to death, including General Hideki Tojo, for their roles
in World War II.
November 15 - Louis Stephen St. Laurent becomes Canada's twelfth prime minister.
November 17 - Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi divorces Queen Fawzia of Egypt after
she is unable to produce a male heir.
December 10 - United Nations General Assembly adopts Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
December 30 - The play Kiss Me Kate opens for the first of 1,077 performances.
Porsche is founded.
Miranda, the innermost moon of Uranus, is discovered by Gerard Kuiper.
Casimir effect discovered by Dutch physicist Hendrik Casimir.
Tunnel of Vielha is opened in Val d'Aran, Spanish Pyrenees.
Fresh Kills, world's largest landfill, opens in Staten Island, New York.Year in topic
1948 in film
The Treasure of the Sierra Madre starring Humphrey Bogart.
Joan of Arc starring Ingrid Bergman and José Ferrer.
Key Largo starring Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall.
Alfred Hitchcock's Rope, starring Jimmy Stewart.
1948 in music
Columbia Records introduces the 33 1/3 LP (long playing) record.
1948 in sports
February 21 - The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) was incorporated
by William HG France to organize and promote the sport of stock car racing.
February 28 - Bud Gartiser sets a new world record after clearing the 50-yard low
hurdles in 6.8 seconds.
1948 Winter Olympic Games in St. Moritz, Switzerland.
1948 Summer Olympic Games in London, United Kingdom.
Baseball World Series: Cleveland Indians defeat the Boston Braves.
1948 in television
CBS begins network programming.
ABC opens its first television station in New York.
June 20 - Toast of the Town, with Ed Sullivan, premieres on CBS, with guests Dean
Martin and Jerry Lewis.
June 21 - The first network telecast of political conventions from Philadelphia.
July 30 - Professional wrestling premieres in prime-time on the DuMont network.
August 10 - Candid Camera debuts on ABC.
August 15 - The first network nightly newscast, CBS-TV News, debuts on CBS
with Douglas Edwards.
September - Milton Berle becomes the first television star, with Texaco Star
Theatre on NBC.
Television manufacturing begins in Canada.Births
January 7 - Kenny Loggins
January 10 - Donald Fagen
January 14 - Carl Weathers
January 14 - T-Bone Burnett
, producer, musician.
January 15 - Ronnie Van Zant
, musician (d. 1977).
January 16 - John Carpenter
January 17 - Davíð Oddsson
, Prime Minister of Iceland.
January 22 - George Foreman
January 27 - Mikhail Baryshnikov
February 4 - Alice Cooper
February 5 - Christopher Guest
, actor, writer, director, composer.
February 5 - Barbara Hershey
February 11 - Sue Bernard
, Playboy playmate for December 1966.
February 14 - Teller
, magician (Penn and Teller).
February 24 - J. Jayalalithaa
, Indian politician.
February 28 - Bernadette Peters
, actress, singer.
February 28 - Mike Figgis
, director, writer, composer.
February 28 - Mercedes Ruehl
March 2 - R. T. Crowley
, writer, pioneer of Electronic Data Interchange.
March 3 - Cornelis Johannes Marie van den Houten
March 6 - Gerrit van den Houten
March 9 - Jeffrey Osborne
March 11 - Dominique Sanda
March 12 - James Taylor
March 14 - Eduard Cornelis Biever
March 17 - William Gibson
March 20 - John de Lancie
, actor (Star Trek: The Next Generation, Voyager).
March 20 - Bobby Orr
, ice hockey player.
March 22 - Andrew Lloyd Webber
March 22 - Wolf Blitzer
, television journalist.
March 26 - Steven Tyler
, musician ("Aerosmith").
March 28 - Dianne Wiest
, actress (Hannah and Her Sisters, Law & Order).
March 31 - Al Gore
, US Vice President.
March 31 - Rhea Perlman
April 1 - Jimmy Cliff
May 11 - Jan de Vin
May 12 - Steve Winwood
May 14 - Robert Jan van den Houten
May 15 - Brian Eno
, musician, record producer.
May 19 - Grace Jones
, singer, actress.
May 20 - Maatje Johanna van den Houten
May 21 - Leo Sayer
May 26 - Stevie Nicks
, songwriter, actress.
May 31 - John Bonham
("Bonzo"), drummer (d. 1980).
June 2 - Todd Rundgren
, singer and producer.
June 7 - Elisabeth Barbara van den Houten
June 10 - Cornelis Gerhardus (Ton) Braam
June 13 - Marc Flanagan
, television writer and producer.
June 13 - Garnet Bailey
, professional hockey player & scout.
June 19 - Phylicia Rashad
July 21 - Ed Hinton
July 21 - Cat Stevens
July 21 - Garry Trudeau
July 25 - Peggy Fleming
, figure skater.
July 28 - Sally Struthers
July 30 - Jean Reno
August 2 - Dennis Prager
, radio talk show host and author.
August 3 - Jean-Pierre Raffarin
, Prime Minister of France.
August 19 - James (Jim) van Houten
August 20 - Robert Plant
, singer (Led Zeppelin).
August 30 - Lewis Black
, stand-up comedian.
September 5 - Benita Ferrero-Waldner
, Austrian diplomat and politician.
September 10 - Bob Lanier
, Basketball Hall of Famer.
September 10 - Margaret Trudeau
, former First Lady of Canada.
September 22 - Denis Burke
, Australian politician.
September 29 - Bryant Gumbel
, television broadcaster.
October 2 - Avery Brooks
, actor (Star Trek: Deep Space Nine).
October 9 - Jackson Browne
October 17 - George Wendt
, actor (Cheers).
November 10 - Vincent Schiavelli
November 14 - Prince Charles
, later Prince of Wales.
November 16 - Mutt Lange
, record producer.
November 21 - Adriana Maria (Jeannette) Krom
December 27 - Gérard Depardieu
, French actor.Deaths
January 21 - Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari
January 30 - Mohandas Gandhi
, Leader of Indian Non-Violent Independence movement.
January 30 - Orville Wright
of the Wright brothers, co-inventor of the airplane.
February 2 - Bevil Rudd
, South African athlete.
February 11 - Sergy Eisenstein
, film director.
March 10 - Zelda Fitzgerald
(Mrs. F. Scott Fitzgerald).
March 10 - Jan Masaryk
, Foreign Minister of Czechoslovakia.
March 19 - Martha Stoutjesdijk
March 28 - Dianne Wiest
March 31 - Egon Erwin Kisch
, journalist and author.
April 17 - Suzuki Kantaro
, Japanese admiral and prime minister.
May 6 - Martinus van den Houten
May 15 - Father Edward J. Flanagan
, priest, founder of Boys Town.
May 28 - Unity Mitford
, British friend of Hitler.
May 29 - Cornelia de Jonge
June 7 - Jacoba Minne
July 13 - Dina Jacoba van den Houten
July 23 - David Wark Griffith, film director.
July 25 - Tona Berman
August 16 - Babe Ruth
, Baseball Hall of Famer.
September 11 - Muhammed Ali Jinnah
, first Governor-General of Pakistan.
September 16 - Maria Aalberts
October 24 - Franz Lehár
October 30 - Cornelia Plantefeber
December 23 - Doihara Kenji
, Hirota Koki, Itagaki Seishiro, Kimura Heitaro, Matsui Iwane,
Muto Akira, and Tojo Hideki, Japanese war leaders (hanged).
December 31 - Sir Malcolm Campbell
, land and water racer.To my Homepage