January 2 - John Hay announces the Open Door Policy to promote trade with China.
January 2 - Chicago Canal opens.
January 5 - Irish leader John Edward Redmond calls for a revolt against British rule.
January 6 - It is reported that millions are starving in India.
January 6 - Boers attack Ladysmith - over 1000 people killed.
January 8 - United States President William McKinley places Alaska under military rule.
January 16 - The United States Senate accepts the Anglo-German treaty of 1899 in which
the United Kingdom renounced its claims to the Samoan islands.
January 27 - Boxer rebellion: Foreign diplomats in Peking China demand that the Boxer
rebels be disciplined.
January 29 - The American League of Professional Baseball Clubs is organized in
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania with 8 founding teams.
January 30 - United Kingdom forces fighting Boers in South Africa ask for reinforcements.
February 3 - Gubernatorial candidate William Goebels is assassinated in Frankfort, Kentucky.
Former-Secretary of State Caleb Powers was later found guilty in a conspiracy to kill
February 7 - The British Labour Party is formed.
February 8 - British troops are defeated by Boers at Ladysmith, South Africa.
February 9 - Richard Wigginton Thompson, congressman.
February 14 - Russia responds to international pressure to free Finland by tightening imperial
control over the country.
February 14 - Boer War: In South Africa, 20,000 British troops invade the Orange Free State.
February 22 - Hawaii officially becomes a territory of the United States.
February 23 - Boer War: Battle of Hart's Hill - In South Africa the Boers and British troops
February 27 - Boer War: In South Africa, British military leaders receive an unconditional
notice of surrender from Boer General Piet Cronje.
February 27 - Ramsay MacDonald appointed secretary of newly formed British Labour Party.
March 6 - A coal mine explosion in West Virginia traps 50 coal miners.
March 11 - Boer War: Boer leader Paul Kruger's peace overtures are rejected by Prime
Minister of the United Kingdom Lord Salisbury.
March 13 - Boer Wars: British forces occupy Bloemfontein, Orange Free State.
March 14 - The Gold Standard Act is ratified placing United States currency on the gold
March 16 - Sir Arthur Evans discovers the ruins of Knossos on Crete.
March 24 - New York City Mayor Van Wyck breaks ground for a new underground
"Rapid Transit Railroad" that would link Manhattan and Brooklyn..
May 17 - Boer War: British troops relieve Mafeking.
May 18 - The United Kingdom proclaims a protectorate over Tonga.
May 23 - Sergeant William Harvey Carney becomes the first African American to
be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor (awarded for heroism in the Battle
of Fort Wagner during the American Civil War).
May 24 - Boer War: British annex Orange Free State as Orange River Colony.
May 31 - Boer War: British take Johannesburg.
June 5 - Boer War: British soldiers take Pretoria, South Africa.
July 2 - First zeppelin flight on Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.
July 5 - Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act passes British Parliament.
July 9 - Queen Victoria gives royal assent to Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act.
July 29 - In Italy, King Umberto I of Italy is assassinated by Italian-born anarchist
July 30 - The Duke of Albany becomes Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha as Karl Eduard
following the death of his uncle, Duke Alfred.
July 13 - Boxer Rebellion: In China, Tientsin is retaken by European Allies
from the rebelling Boxers.
August 27 - British defeat Boer commandos at Bergendal.
September 8 - 1900 Galveston Hurricane: A large hurricane hits Galveston, Texas
killing about 6,000 people.
September 17 - Philippine-American War: Filipinos under Juan Cailles defeat
Americans under Colonel Benjamin F. Cheatham at Mabitac.
November 6 - U.S. presidential election, 1900: Republican incumbent William
McKinley is reelected by defeating Democrat challenger William Jennings Bryan.Births
January 8 - Serge Poliakoff
, Russian painter (d. 1969).
January 23 - Sander van den Houten
January 27 - Admiral Hyman Rickover
, American admiral, proponent of
the "nuclear Navy" (d. 1986).
January 28 - Heinrich Kesten
, author (d. 1996).
February 1 - Adriana van den Houten
February 4 - Adrianus van Deutekom
February 4 - Jacques Prevert
, lyricist and author (d. 1977).
February 5 - Adlai Stevenson
, politician (d. 1965).
February 6 - Klaas van den Houten
February 11 - Thomas Hitchcock Jr
, polo player (d. 1944).
February 11 - Hans-Georg Gadamer
, German philosopher (d. 2002).
February 12 - Wilhelmina van den Houten
February 16 - Cornelis van Dam
February 20 - Leendert Nicolaas Mertens
February 22 - Luis Buñuel
, film director (d. 1983).
February 27 - Janna Adriana van den Houten
February 28 - Wolfram Hirth
, pilot and designer of aircrafts (d. 1959).
March 9 - Howard Aiken
, computing pioneer.
March 10 - Halina Isa Maria Roussian
March 13 - George Seferis
, Nobel prize-winning poet (d. 1971).
March 19 - Frédéric Joliot
March 21 - Teunis Hijna
March 23 - Erich Fromm
, psychologist, philosopher (d. 1980).
March 26 - Nicolaas van den Houten
March 29 - John McEwen
, eighteenth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1980).
March 31 - Prince Henry
, Duke of Gloucester.
April 5 - Spencer Tracy
, actor (d. 1967).
April 25 - Janna Alburg
April 25 - Wolfgang Ernst Pauli
April 26 - Charles Richter
, geophysicist, inventor (d. 1985).
April 30 - Cecily Lefort
, SOE agent, WW II heroine, executed by the Nazis (d. 1945).
May 1 - Ignazio Silone
, Italian author; in Abruzzo region of Italy.
May 8 - Franciscus Andreas van Breugel
May 11 - Anna van den Houten
May 12 - Klara Janse
May 12 - Helene Weigel
, actress (d. 1971).
May 17 - Ruhollah Khomeini
May 28 - Tommy Ladnier
, jazz musician (d. 1939).
June 15 - Paul Mares
, jazz musician (d. 1949).
June 17 - Maria Georgeanna Gijs van den Houten
June 24 - Jannetje Tanis
June 29 - Antoine de Saint-Exupery
, French pilot and writer.
July 3 - Barthel Johannis van Strien
July 12 - Jozina van den Houten
July 13 - George Lewis
, jazz musician (d. 1969).
August 3 - Ernie Pyle
, American journalist.
August 4 - Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
, The Queen Mother of the United Kingdom (d. 2002).
August 6 - Cecil H. Green
, founder of Texas Instruments (d. 2003).
August 15 - Frans Anton van Burgh
August 22 - Sergei Ozhegov
, Russian lexicographer (d. 1964).
August 25 - Sir Hans Adolf Krebs
, German medical doctor and biochemist.
August 26 - Hellmuth Walter
, engineer and inventor (d. 1980).
September 2 - Teunis Jacobus Dumee
September 6 - W.A.C. Bennett
, British Columbia politician (d. 1979).
September 18 - Leendert Nicolaas van den Houten
November 5 - Gerardus Klink
November 8 - Charlie Paddock
, American athlete.
November 23 - Maria Bruggeman, later Maria Lokker
July 27 - Stillborn van den Houten
January 20 - Andries Lemson
March 25 - Lothera de Jong
April 30 - John Luther Jones
, better known as Casey Jones, train wreck.
May 13 - Klara Janse
May 18 - Jean Gaspard Felix Ravaisson-Mollien
, French philosopher.
June 5 - Stephen Crane
, American author; in Badenweiler, Baden, Germany.
July 3 - Jobje van den Houten
July 19 - Kors van den Houten
July 19 - King Umberto I of Italy
; (assassinated) in Monza, near Milan, Italy.
July 27 - Pieternella van de Panne
July 28 - Adrianus van Deutekom
July 30 - Duke Alfred of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
, second son of Queen Victoria of
the United Kingdom.
August 3 - Pieternella Lokker
August 8 - Adriaantje van den Houten
August 17 - Pieter Soeteman
August 25 - Friedrich Nietzsche
, philosopher, writer; in Germany.
September 4 - Klaas van den Houten
September 23 - William Marsh Rice
, philanthropist, founder of Rice University;
(murdered) in New York City.
September 27 - Pieter van Splunder
September 30 - Adriana de Meris
October 20 - Jan Dalebout
November 30 - Oscar Wilde
, British author, playwright; in Paris, France.Willemtje van Eeuwen
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