February 27 - American Civil War: The first Northern prisoners arrive at the Confederate
prison at Andersonville, Georgia.
March 10 - American Civil War: The Red River Campaign begins as Union troops reach
April 22 - The United States Congress passes the Coinage Act of 1864 which mandates
that the inscription "In God We Trust" needs to be placed on all coins minted as United
May 7 - American Civil War: The Army of the Potomac, under General Ulysses S. Grant,
breaks off from the Battle of the Wilderness and moves southwards.
May 11 - American Civil War: Battle of Yellow Tavern - Confederate General JEB Stuart
is mortally wounded at Yellow Tavern, Virginia.
May 12 - American Civil War: Battle of Spotsylvania Court House: The "Bloody Angle" -
thousands of Union and Confederate soldiers die.
May 13 - American Civil War: Battle of Resaca - the battle begins with Union General
Sherman fighting toward Atlanta.
May 15 - American Civil War: Battle of New Market, Virginia - Students from the Virginia
Military Institute fight alongside the Confederate Army to force Union General Franz Sigel
out of the Shenandoah Valley.
May 20 - American Civil War: Battle of Bermuda Hundred - In Virginia, 3,000 Confederates
and l,200 Union troops are killed in this Union victory.
May 26 - Montana is organized as a United States territory.
July 20 - American Civil War: Battle of Peachtree Creek - Near Atlanta, Georgia, Confederate
forces led by General John Bell Hood unsuccessfully attack Union troops under General
William T. Sherman.
July 22 - American Civil War: Battle of Atlanta - Outside of Atlanta, Georgia, Confederate
General John Bell Hood leads an unsuccessful attack on Union troops under General
William T. Sherman on Bald Hill.
July 24 - American Civil War: Battle of Kernstown - Confederate General Jubal Early defeats
Union troops led by General George Crook in an effort to keep Yankees out of the
July 28 - American Civil War: Battle of Ezra Church begins - Confederate troops led by
General John Bell Hood make a third unsuccessful attempt to drive Union forces under
General William T. Sherman from Atlanta, Georgia.
July 29 - American Civil War: Confederate spy Belle Boyd is arrested by Union troops
and detained at the Old Capitol Prison in Washington, DC.
July 30 - American Civil War: Battle of the Crater - Union forces attempt to break
Confederate lines by exploding a large bomb under their trenches.
August 5 - American Civil War: Battle of Mobile Bay begins - At Mobile Bay near
Mobile, Alabama, Admiral David Farragut leads a Union flotilla through Confederate
defenses and seals one of the last major Southern ports.
August 18 - American Civil War: Battle of Weldon Railroad - Forces under Union
General Ulysses S. Grant try to cut a vital Confederate supply-line into Petersburg,
Virginia, by attacking the Weldon Railroad forcing the Confederates
to use wagons.
August 22 - International Red Cross founded in Geneva, Switzerland.
September 1 - American Civil War: Confederate General John Bell Hood evacuates
Atlanta, Georgia after a four month siege mounted by Union General
William T. Sherman.
September 1 - 8 - Delegates from the Canadian colonies meet at the Charlottetown
Conference to discuss Canadian Confederation.
September 2 - American Civil War: Union forces under General William T. Sherman
enter Atlanta, Georgia a day after the Confederate defenders fled the city.
September 7 - American Civil War: Atlanta, Georgia is evacuated on orders of Union
General William Tecumseh Sherman.
October 2 - American Civil War: Battle of Saltville - Union forces attack Saltville,
Virginia but are defeated by Confederate troops.
October 9 - American Civil War: Battle of Tom's Brook - Union cavalrymen in the
Shenandoah Valley defeat Confederate forces at Tom's Brook, Virginia.
October 28 - American Civil War: Second Battle of Fair Oaks ends - Union forces
under General Ulysses S. Grant withdraw from Fair Oaks, Virginia, after failing to
breach the Confederate defenses around Richmond, Virginia.
October 30 - Second war of Schleswig concluded. Duke Frederick and the Danish Crown
recognize Prussia's and Austria's annexation of Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg.
October 30 - Helena, Montana is founded after four prospectors discover gold at
"Last Chance Gulch."
October 31 - Nevada is admitted as the 36th U.S. state.
November 4 - American Civil War: Battle of Johnsonville - At Johnsonville,
Tennessee, troops under the command of Confederate General Nathan Bedford
Forrest bombard a Union supply base with artillery and destroy millions of
dollars in materiel.
November 8 - U.S. presidential election, 1864: Abraham Lincoln is reelected in an
overwhelming victory over George McClellan.
November 15 - American Civil War: Sherman's March to the Sea begins - Union
General William Tecumseh Sherman burns Atlanta, Georgia and starts to move
south, destroying everything in his path in order to punish the Confederates
for starting the war.
November 22 - American Civil War: Sherman's March to the Sea: Confederate
General John Bell Hood invades Tennessee in an unsuccessful attempt to
draw Union General William T. Sherman from Georgia.
November 29 - Indian Wars: Sand Creek Massacre - Colorado volunteers led
by Colonel John Chivington massacre at least 400 Cheyenne and Arapahoe
noncombatants at Sand Creek, Colorado (where they had been given permission
November 30 - American Civil War: Battle of Franklin - The Army of Tennessee
led by General John Bell Hood mounts a dramatically unsuccessful frontal assault
on Union positions around Franklin, Tennessee (Hood lost six generals and
almost a third of his troops).
December 4 - American Civil War: Sherman's March to the Sea - At Waynesboro,
Georgia, forces under Union General Judson Kilpatrick prevent troops led by
Confederate General Joseph Wheeler from interfering with Union General
William T. Sherman campaign of destroying a wide swath of the South on his
march to the Gulf of Mexico (Union forces did suffer more than three times
the casualties as the Confederates, however).
James Clerk Maxwell discovers Microwaves.
First Geneva Convention.
Syllabus errorum: Pope Pius IX condemns theological liberalism as an error and claims
for the supremacy of RC Church authority over the civil society.Births
January 3 - Jan van den Houten
January 3 - Maria van den Houten
January 8 - Prince Albert Victor
, Duke of Clarence, second in line to the throne
of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
January 13 -- Wilhelm Wien
January 27 - Jantje (Jane) Victorie
March 13 - Alexej von Jawlensky
, Russian impressionist painter.
March 19 - Charles Marion Russell
, artist (+ 1926).
April 16 - Kornelis van den Houten
April 17 - Gerdina Adriana van den Houten
April 21 - Marinis van den Houte
April 21 - Max Weber
, sociologist (+ 1920).
April 25 - Willem van Splunder
May 2 - Jacob van den Houten
May 5 - Aart van den Houten
May 28 - Leendert van den Houten
May 28 - Adriana de Voogd
June 2 - Paulus van Westervoort
July 31 - Paulina van de(n) Ende
August 6 - Pauline Troast
August 21 - Dina Jacoba van den Houten
August 31 - Jozina Hubertina van den Houten
September 6 - Adriana Musterd
October 25 - Alexander Tikhonovich Grechaninov
, composer (+ 1956).
November 9 - Jozua van den Houten
November 15 - Cornelis van den Houten
November 21 - Kornelis van den Houten
November 24 - Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
December 15 - Hendrika Izabella van den Houten
December 22 - Maarten Quant
December 27 - Willem Jacobus de Meris
April 30 - Stillborn van den Houten. (boy)
June 4 - Stillborn van den Houten (girl)
January 13 - Stephen Foster
, composer of Camptown Races, Oh! Susannah.
March 7 - Adriana Rommelse
March 22 - Cornelia van Vliet
April 3 - Teunis van den Houten
April 22 - Cornelis Holleman
April 23 - Johannes van der Sloot
May 19 - Nathaniel Hawthorne
June 14 - Aren van den Houten
June 17 - Marinis van den Houte
July 5 - Jacob van den Houten
September 15 - Cornelia van den Houten
September 18 - Heida van Tiggelen
November 18 - Adriana Margaretha van den Houten
- United States Supreme Court Justice.Tuanku Imam Bonjol
- Indonesian religious and military leader.Emil Nobel
- the younger brother of Alfred Nobel killed in their experiments
of nitroglycerin.To my Homepage