April 3 - The Pony Express makes its first run.
Victor Emmanuel, king of Sardinia seizes the whole of the Papal States besides Rome
and unites Italy.Robert Wilhelm Bunsen
discovers caesium and rubidium.
September 7 - Lady Elgin is accidentally rammed and sunk in Lake Michigan, hundreds
October - John Hanning Speke and James Augustus Grant leave Zanzibar to search for
source of the Nile.
November 6 - U.S. presidential election, 1860: Abraham Lincoln beats John C.
Breckinridge and is elected as the 16th President of the United States, the first
Republican to hold that office.
December 29 - The first British seagoing ironclad warship, the HMS Warrior is launched.
Vladivostok, Russia is founded.Births
January 1 - George Washington Carver
, educator, activist, botanist.
January 11 - Marie Bashkirtseff
January 20 - Klaartje Laauwe
January 25 - Charles Curtis
, American vice-president (+ 1936).
January 29 - William Jacob Baer
, American painter (+ 1941).
January 29 - Anton Chekhov
, Russian playwright and short story writer (+ 1904).
February 11 - Rachilde
(Marguerite Vallette-Eymery), French author.
February 18 - Hillegonda van Rijn
February 29 - Herman Hollerith
, inventor of the first electric tabulating machine.
March 9 - Aart van den Houten
March 11 - Cornelia de Jonge
March 13 - Theuna van den Houten
March 13 - Hugo Wolf
, Austrian composer.
March 19 - William Jennings Bryan
, American politician.
May 9 - J. M. Barrie
, author (+ 1937).
May 25 - James McKeen Cattell
, first professor of psychology in U.S.
May 29 - Isaac Albéniz
, Spanish composer.
July 3 - Charlotte Perkins Gilman
, feminist writer (+ 1935).
July 7 - Gustav Mahler
July 19 - Lizzie Borden
, murder suspect.
August 16 - Maria van Vliet
August 17 - Jannetje van den Houten
September 12 - Leendert Dingeman van den Houten
September 13 - John Pershing
, American general.
September 23 - Marinus Lemson
November 18 - Krina van den Houten
December 7 - Joseph Cook
, sixth Prime Minister of Australia (+ 1947).John Coughlin
, Chicago alderman.Frederick George Jackson
, British Arctic explorer (+ 1938).Albert Giraud
, Belgian poet (+ 1929).Lancelot Speed
, illustrator (+ 1931).Deaths
January 25 - Neeltje Vreeswijk
January 27 - János Bolyai
, Hungarian mathematician.
February 17 - Neeltje Kamerling
February 27 - Wilhelmina Kornelia Maller
March 1 - Marinus van den Houte
March 31 - Pieter Noteboom
May 12 - Sir Charles Barry
, English architect.
May 16 - Anne Isabella Milbanke
, widow of George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron.
September 11 - Joost Tholenaars
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