Booker Prize for Fiction is established by Booker plc.
1968 is known as the year of the Prague Spring and also the year of the Paris riots.
The ASCII character code is standardized as ANSI Standard X3.4.
Nauru adopt his national anthem of the Nauru Bwiema.
January 5 - Alexander Dubcek elected as leader of the Czechoslovakian Communist
Party - the "Prague Spring" begins in Czechoslovakia.
January 15 - An earthquake in Sicily - 231 dead, 262 injured.
January 21 - US B-52 bomber crashes in Greenland and in the process discharges four
January 23 - North Korea seizes the USS Pueblo, claiming the ship violated its territorial
waters while spying.
January 25 - The Israeli Submarine Dakar sinks in the Mediterranean Sea - 69 dead.
January 27 - French submarine sinks in the Mediterranean with 52 men.
January 30 - Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive begin when Viet Cong forces launch series
of a surprise attacks in South Vietnam.
January 31 - Viet Cong attack the United States embassy in Saigon.
January 31 - Nauru's president Hammer DeRoburt declares independence from Australia.
February 1 - Vietnam War: A Viet Cong officer is executed by Nguyen Ngoc Loan a South
Vietnamese National Police Chief. The execution was videotaped and photographed and
helped sway public opinion against the war.
February 3 - Yasser Arafat is elected leader of the PLO.
February 8 - Boeing 747 in its maiden flight.
February 8 - American civil rights movement: A civil rights protest staged at a white-only
bowling alley in Orangeburg, South Carolina is broken-up by highway patrolmen leading
to the deaths of three college students.
February 11 - Peggy Fleming wins Olympics figure skating gold medal, Grenoble, France.
February 11 - Israeli-Jordan border clashes.
February 11 - Madison Square Garden III closes, Madison Square Garden IV opens in
February 13 - Civil rights disturbances at the University of Wisconsin and University of
February 16 - In Haleyville, Alabama the first 9-1-1 emergency telephone system goes
February 17 - In Springfield, Massachusetts the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall
of Fame opens.
February 18 - British Standard Time introduced.
February 24 - Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive is halted - South Vietnam recaptures Hué.
March 1 - Clark Clifford starts his term of office as U.S. Secretary of Defense, serving
under President Lyndon Johnson.
March 1 - Alexander Buel Trowbridge ends his term of office as U.S. Secretary of
Commerce, serving under President Lyndon Johnson.
March 1 - United States Navy George Washington class fleet ballistic missile submarine
USS Patrick Henry (SSBN-599) completes her 22nd patrol at Holy Loch.
March 1 - Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat first presented as a cantata
at the Colet Court School in London.
March 7 - Vietnam War: The First Battle of Saigon begins.
March 12 - Mauritius achieves independence from British Rule.
March 15 - George Brown, British Minister of Foreign affairs, resigns.
March 16 - Vietnam War: My Lai massacre American troops kills scores of women and children.
March 17 - A demonstration in London's Grosvenor Square against US involvement in the
Vietnam War leads to violence - 91 police injured, 200 demonstrators arrested.
March 18 - Gold standard: The United States Congress repeals the requirement for a
gold reserve to back US currency.
March 31 - American President Lyndon Johnson announces he will not seek re-election.
April 2 - Bombs placed by Andreas Baader and Gudrun Ensslin explode at midnight in
two department stores in Frankfurt-am-Main - 3 dead. Culprits are later arrested and
sentenced for arson.
April 3 - Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his "mountaintop" speech.
April 4 - Martin Luther King, Jr. is assassinated by James Earl Ray in Memphis, Tennessee.
April 11 - Premiere of the musical Hair on Broadway.
April 11 - London Bridge sold to Robert McCullough for £1 million. It is later re-erected in Arizona.
April 11 - Joseph Bachmann tries to assassinate Rudi Dutschke, leader of a left-wing
movement APO in Germany and tries to commit suicide afterwards - failing in both.
April 11 - German left-wins students blockade the Springer Press HQ in Berlin and
many are arrested - one of them Ulrike Meinhof.
April 20 - Pierre Elliott Trudeau becomes Canada's fifteenth prime minister.
April 20 - English politician Enoch Powell makes controversial Rivers of Blood Speech.
April 23 - April 30 - Student protesters at Columbia University in New York City take
over administration buildings and shut down the university.
April 23 - Surgeons at the Hopital de la Pitie, Paris, perform Europe's first heart
transplant on Clovis Roblain.
April 29 - Official opening of the musical Hair on Broadway.
May - "May of 68" is a symbol of the resistance of that generation. Agitations and strikes
in Paris led many young to believe that a revolution was starting. Student and worker strikes
sometimes referred to as the French May nearly bring down the French government.
May 22 - The nuclear-powered submarine the USS Scorpion sinks with 99 men aboard
400 miles southwest of the Azores.
June 3 - Valerie Solanas shoots at Andy Warhol in his studio.
June 5 - U.S. presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy is shot at the Ambassador
Hotel in Los Angeles, California by Sirhan Sirhan (He died on June 6).
June 8 - James Earl Ray is arrested for the murder of Doctor Martin Luther King Jr.
June 8 - The body of assassinated U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy is laid to rest
at Arlington National Cemetery.
June 20 - Austin Currie, Member of Parliament (MP) at Stormont in the six counties
of northern Ireland, along with others, squats a house in Caledon to protest discrimination
in housing allocations.
June 29 - Pope Paul VI announces an encyclical entitled "Humanae Vitae", condemning birth control.
July 26 - Vietnam War: South Vietnamese opposition leader Truong Dinh Dzu is sentenced
to five years hard labor for advocating the formation of a coalition government as a
way to move toward an end to the war.
July 17 - Saddam Hussein becomes the Vice Chairman of the Revolutionary Council
in Iraq after a coup.
August 20 - 200,000 Warsaw Pact troops and 5,000 tanks invade Czechoslovakia to
end the "Prague Spring" of political liberalization.
August 22-August 30 - Police clash with antiwar protesters in Chicago outside
the 1968 Democratic National Convention.
July 29 - Arenal Volcano erupts in Costa Rica for the first time for centuries.
September 6 - Swaziland becomes independent.
September 17 - the D'Oliviera Affair - MCC tour of South Africa is cancelled when the
South Africans refuse to accept the presence of a Cape Coloured in the side.
September 27 - Marcelo Caetana becomes Prime Minister of Portugal.
September 27 - Actors in the London musical Hair perform naked on stage.
September 29 - A referendum in Greece gives more power to the military junta.
October 2 - A student demonstration ends in a massacre at the La Plaza de las Tres
Culturas in Tlatelolco, Mexico City, Mexico.
October 5 - A civil rights march in Derry, (of the six counties of northern) Ireland,
which included several Stormont and British MPs, is batoned off the streets by the
Royal Ulster Constabulary.
October 8 - Vietnam War: Operation Sealords - United States and South Vietnamese
forces launched a new operation in the Mekong Delta.
October 11 - Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 7, the first manned Apollo
mission, with astronauts Wally Schirra, Donn Eisele and Walter Cunningham aboard.
Goals for the mission include the first live television broadcast from orbit and testing
the lunar module docking maneuver.
October 14 - Vietnam War: The United States Department of Defense announces that
the United States Army and United States Marines will be sending about 24,000 troops
back to Vietnam for involuntary second tours.
October 16 - Tommie Smith and John Carlos, two African-Americans competing in
the Olympic 200 meter run, raise their arms in a black power salute after winning the
gold and bronze medals for first and third place.
October 20 - Aristotle Onassis and Jacqueline Kennedy marry on the Greek island of Skorpios.
October 31 - Vietnam War: Citing progress with the Paris peace talks, US President
Lyndon B. Johnson announces to the nation that he has ordered a complete cessation
of "all air, naval, and artillery bombardment of North Vietnam" effective November 1.
November 5 - U.S. presidential election, 1968: In one of the closest elections in US history,
Republican challenger Richard M. Nixon defeats Vice President Hubert Humphrey and
American Independent Party candidate George C. Wallace.
November 11 - Vietnam War: Operation Commando Hunt initiated - The goal of the
operation is to interdict men and supplies on the Ho Chi Minh Trail, through Laos into
South Vietnam (by the end of the operation, 3 million tons of bombs were dropped
on Laos, which slowed but did not seriously disrupt trail operations).
November 11 - A second republic is declared in the Maldives.
November 26 - Vietnam War: United States Air Force 1st Lt. and Bell UH-1F helicopter
pilot James P. Fleming gets and responds to an urgent message from an Army Special
Forces unit pinned down by Viet Cong fire. After a failed first rescue attempt Fleming
lands under heavy fire and picks up the unit (he was later rewarded the Medal of Honor
for his bravery).
December 24 - Apollo 8 enters moon orbit. Frank Borman, Jim Lovell and William
A. Anders are the first humans to see the far side of the moon and planet earth as a whole.
December 27 - The long-running radio program The Breakfast Club signs off for the
last time (ABC radio).Year in topic
1968 in film
2001: A Space Odyssey, directed by Stanley Kubrick.
The Green Berets starring John Wayne.
Once Upon a Time in the West, directed by Sergio Leone.
1968 in television
January 22 - Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In, debuts on NBC.
October 14 - First live network transmission of video from inside a manned U.S. space
capsule in orbit ("Apollo 7") There were six such broadcasts during their eleven-day mission.
CBS uses a portable minicam for political convention coverage.
Nearly 200 million households now own television sets, (78 million of which are in the U.S.).
Hawaii Five-O premieres.Births
January 6 - John Singleton
, director and writer.
January 14 - LL Cool J
, rapper, actor (Toys, In Too Deep, Any Given Sunday).
January 20 - Leendert Stoffel Adr. (Leonard) van den Houten
January 24 - Mary Lou Retton
January 27 - Mike Patton
January 28 - Sarah McLachlan
January 29 - Edward Burns
February 1 - Lisa Marie Presley
, Elvis Presley's daughter.
February 5 - Roberto Alomar
, baseball player.
February 8 - Gary Coleman
February 14 - Jules Asner
, model, television personality.
February 22 - Jeri Ryan
, actress (Star Trek: Voyager, Boston Public).
February 27 - Matt Stairs
, professional baseball player.
March 4 - Patsy Kensit
March 11 - Lisa Loeb
March 26 - James Iha
, musician ("Smashing Pumpkins").
March 28 - Iris Chang
, author (d. 2004).
March 29 - Lucy Lawless
, actress, singer.
March 30 - Céline Dion
April 3 - Sebastian Bach
, musician ("Skid Row").
April 8 - Patricia Arquette
April 15 - Stacey Williams
April 19 - Ashley Judd
May 1 - D'Arcy Wretzky
May 7 - Traci Lords
, erotic actress.
May 9 - Marie-José Perec
, French athlete.
May 12 - Tony Hawk
, skateboarding legend.
May 22 - James Luecke
, saxophonist, musician.
May 26 - Crown Prince Frederik
May 26 - Jeanette Jones
, dominatrix and fetishist.
May 27 - Jeff Bagwell
, baseball player.
May 27 - Frank Thomas
, baseball player.
May 28 - Kylie Minogue
, actress and singer.
June 4 - Rachel Griffiths
June 28 - Adam Woodyatt
, British actor.
June 29 - Theoren Fleury
, Canadian ice hockey player.
July 10 - Hassiba Boulmerka
, Algerian athlete.
July 11 - Stephan Wijnveld
July 16 - Barry Sanders
, Pro Football Hall of Famer.
July 19 - Antonina Astorino
August 9 - Eric Bana
August 31 - Todd Carty
, British actor.
September 1 - Mohammed Atta
, Egyptian hijacker and alleged terrorist.
September 4 - Mike Piazza
, baseball start.
September 7 - Marcel Desailly
, French footballer.
September 11 - Kay Hanley
September 18 - Toni Kukoc
, Croatian basketball player.
September 20 - Darrell Russell
, NHRA drag racer (d. 2004).
September 23 - Jacob Leendert (Coen) van den Houten
September 25 - Will Smith
, rapper, actor.
September 26 - James Caviezel
, actor (The Passion of the Christ).
October 7 - Toni Braxton
October 11 - Jane Krakowski
October 12 - Hugh Jackman
October 14 - Marianne van den Houten
November 10 - Petra Liebetanz
, photographer works and lives in New York and Germany.
November 12 - Sammy Sosa
, baseball player.
November 13 - Pat Hentgen
, baseball player.
November 15 - Jennifer Charles
November 15 - Ol' Dirty Bastard
, rapper (d. 2004).
November 18 - Owen Wilson
, actor (Rushmore, Zoolander, The Royal Tenenbaums).
November 27 - Michael Vartan
December 8 - Mike Mussina
, baseball player.
December 9 - Kurt Angle
, Olympic gold medalist in amateur wrestling, now a WWE performer.
December 17 - Paul Tracy
, auto racing champion.Deaths
January 19 - Ray Harroun
, first winner of the Indianapolis 500 (b. 1879).
January 22 - Duke Kahanamoku
, American swimmer (b. 1890).
February 4 - Neal Cassady
, writer (b. 1926).
February 11 - Howard Lindsay
, United States playwright.
February 20 - Anthony Asquith
, British director, writer (b. 1902).
February 22 - Peter Arno
, cartoonist (b. 1904).
February 27 - Frankie Lymon
, singer (b. 1942).
March 27 - Yuri Gagarin
, the first human in space (and the first to orbit the Earth) (b. 1934).
April 1 - Lev Davidovich Landau
, Russian physicist (b. 1908).
April 4 - Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
, civil rights activist, minister (b. 1929).
April 7 - Jimmy Clark
, racing driver (b. 1936).
April 10 - Gustavs Celmins
, politician (b. 1899).
April 25 - John Tewksbury
, American athlete (b. 1876).
May 9 - Mercedes de Acosta
, American poet, playwright, costume designer, and socialite (b. 1893).
June 1 - Helen Keller
, spokeswoman for deaf and blind (b. 1880).
June 6 - Robert F. Kennedy
, U.S. Senator (assassinated) (b. 1925).
June 15 - Sam Crawford
, Baseball Hall of Famer (b. 1880).
July 11 - Mervyn Peake
, British writer and illustrator (b. 1911).
August 27 - Her Royal Highness Princess Marina
, Duchess of Kent (b. 1906).
September 12 - Tommy Armour
, professional golfer (b. 1894).
October 19 - Pieternella Dirkje van Hees
October 30 - Rose Wilder Lane
, author, reporter (b. 1886).
November 4 - Michel Kikoine
, Belarus painter (b. 1892).
November 12 - Dirk Jan (Dick) Roorda
November 26 - Arnold Zweig
, German writer (b. 1887).
December 10 - Thomas Merton
, American author (b. 1915).
December 12 - Tallulah Bankhead
, American actress (b. 1902).
December 19 - Norman Thomas
, Socialist Party leader (b. 1884).
December 20 - John Steinbeck
, American writer (b. 1902).
December 30 - Trygve Lie
, the first United Nations Secretary General (b. 1896).
December 30 - Vladimir Peter Tytla
, United States animator (b. 1904).Evelyn Still
, Bohemian animator (b. 1893).To my Homepage