January 1 - Independence of Cameroon.
January 11 - Chad declares its independence.
January 14 - Ralph Chubb, the gay poet and printer, dies at Fair Oak Cottage in Hampshire.
January 23 - Jacques Piccard and Don Walsh in the bathyscaphe USS Trieste break a depth
record when they descend to the bottom of Challenger Deep 35,820 feet (10,750 meters)
below sea level in the Pacific Ocean.
January 25 - The National Association of Broadcasters reacts to the Payola scandal by
threatening fines for any disk jockeys who accepted money for playing particular records.
February 9 - Joanne Woodward receives the first star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
February 13 - Nuclear testing: France tests its first atomic bomb.
February 21 - Cuban leader Fidel Castro nationalizes all businesses in Cuba.
February 29 - Earthquake totally destroys Agadir, Morocco.
March 1 - USS Gato struck from the Naval Vessel Register.
March 6 - Vietnam War: The United States announces that 3,500 American troops are
going to be sent to Vietnam.
March 21 - Apartheid: Massacre in Sharpeville, South Africa: Afrikaner police open fire
on a group of unarmed black South African demonstrators, killing 69 and wounding 180.
March 22 - Arthur Leonard Schawlow & Charles Hard Townes receive the first patent
for a laser.
April 1 - Tuanku Abdul Rahman ibni Almarhum Tuanku Muhammad, 1st Yang di-Pertuan
Agong of Malaysia dies in office. He is replaced by Hisamuddin Alam Shah ibni
Almarhum Sultan Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah, Sultan of Selangor.
April 1 - The United States launches the first weather satellite, TIROS-1.
April 21 - In Brazil, The Country's capital (Federal District) is shifted from Rio de Janeiro
to Brasília. The Estado da Guanabara (State of Guanabara) is founded to succeed Rio
de Janeiro as the Brazilian Federal District.
April 27 - Togo gains independence from French-administered UN trusteeship.
May 9 - Reproductive rights: The Food and Drug Administration approves sale of the
birth control pill.
May 10 - The nuclear submarine USS Nautilus completes the first under water
circumnavigation of the earth.
May 11 - In Buenos Aires four Mossad agents abduct fugitive Nazi Adolf Eichmann who
was using the assumed name "Ricardo Klement."
May 13 - First ascent of Dhaulagiri, 7th highest mountain.
May 15 - Sputnik 4 is launched into Earth orbit.
May 16 - Nikita Khrushchev demands an apology from US President Dwight D.
Eisenhower for U-2 spy plane flights over the Soviet Union thus ending a Big Four
summit in Paris.
May 23 - Prime Minister of Israel David Ben-Gurion announces that Nazi war criminal
Adolf Eichmann has been captured.
May 27 - In Turkey, General Cemal Gürsel leads a military coup d'etat removing
President Celal Bayar and the rest of the democratic government.
June 20 - Independence of Mali and Senegal.
June 24 - Avro 748 first flight at Woodford, UK.
July 1 - A Soviet MiG fighter north of Murmansk in the Barents Sea shot down a six-man
RB-47 crew. Two young United States Air Force officers survived and were imprisoned
in Moscow's dreaded Lubyanka prison. (see RB-47H shot down).
July 4 - With the admission of Hawaii as the 50th U.S. state earlier in the year, the 50-star
flag of the United States debuts in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
July 20 - Sri Lanka (then Ceylon) elected Sirimavo Bandaranaike Prime Minister, the
world's first female head of government.
August 6 - Cuban Revolution: In response to a United States embargo, Cuba
nationalizes American and foreign-owned property in the nation.
August 7 - Côte d'Ivoire becomes independent.
August 16 - Joseph Kittinger parachutes from a balloon over New Mexico at 102,800 feet
(31,333 m). He sets unbeaten (as of 2003) world records for: high-altitude jump; free-fall
by falling 16 miles (25.7 km) before opening his parachute; and fastest speed by a human
without motorized assistance, 982 km/h (614 mi/h).
August 16 - Cyprus gains its independence from the United Kingdom.
August 17 - Gabon gains independence from France.
August 19 - Cold War: In Moscow, downed American U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers
is sentenced to ten years imprisonment by the Soviet Union for espionage.
August 19 - Sputnik program: The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 5 with the dogs Belka and
Strelka (Russian for "Squirrel" and "Little Arrow"), 40 mice, 2 rats and a variety of plants.
The spacecraft will return to earth the next day and all animals will be recovered safely.
August 20 - Senegal breaks from the Mali federation, declaring independence.
September 1 - Hisamuddin Alam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah,
Sultan of Selangor and 2nd Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia dies in office. He is
replaced by Tuanku Syed Putra ibni Almarhum Syed Hassan Jamalullail, Raja of Perlis.
September 1 - Disgruntled railroad workers effectively halt operations of the
Pennsylvania Railroad, marking the first shutdown in the history of the company (event
lasted 2 days).
September 8 - In Huntsville, Alabama, US President Dwight D. Eisenhower formally
dedicates the Marshall Space Flight Center (NASA had already activated the facility
on July 1).
October 7 - Second notable flood in Horncastle.
October 12 - Cold War: Nikita Khrushchev pounds his shoe on a table at a General
Assembly of the United Nations meeting to protest discussion of Soviet Union policy
toward Eastern Europe.
October 14 - US presidential candidate John F. Kennedy first suggests the idea
for the Peace Corps.
October 29 - In Louisville, Kentucky, Cassius Clay (who later took the name Muhammad Ali)
wins his first professional fight.
November 1 - While campaigning for President of the United States, John F. Kennedy
announces his idea of the Peace Corps.
November 2 - Penguin Books is found not guilty of obscenity in the Lady Chatterley's
November 8 - U.S. presidential election, 1960: In a close race, John F. Kennedy is elected
over Richard M. Nixon, becoming the youngest man elected to that office.
November 15 - The Polaris missile is test launched.
November 28 - Mauritania becomes independent of France.
November 30 - Production of the De Soto automobile brand ceases.
December 1 - Patrice Lumumba, the deposed premier of the Republic of the Congo
was arrested by troops of Col. Joseph Mobutu.
December 1 - A 5-ton Soviet space ship containing animals, insects and plants was
launched into orbit. The spacecraft burned up upon re-entry.
December 2 - The Archbishop of Canterbury, the Most Rev. Geoffrey Francis
Fisher, talked with Pope John XXIII for about an hour in the Vatican. It was the
first time in more than 500 years that a head of the Anglican church had visited the Pope.
December 2 - U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorized the use of $1M for the
relief and resettlement of Cuban refugees in Florida. Cuban refugees were arriving
in Florida at the rate of 1,000 a week.
December 4 - Admission to the United Nations of Mauritania was vetoed by the USSR.
December 5 - Pierre Lagaillarde, who led 1958 and 1960 insurrections in Algeria,
failed to appear in a Paris court. He was reported to have fled with 4 fellow defendants
to Spain en route to Algeria.
December 7 - The United Nations Security Council was called into session by the USSR
to consider the Soviet demands that the U.N. seek the immediate release of former
Congolese Premier Patrice Lumumba.
December 9 - French President Charles de Gaulle's visit to Algeria was marked by bloody
riots by European and Muslim mobs in Algeria's largest cities, killing 127 people.
December 12 - A Federal Court ruling that Louisiana's anti-integration laws were
unconstitutional was upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court.
December 13 - While the Emperor Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia was on a visit to Brazil,
a revolt against his rule was carried out by his Imperial Guard. The rebels proclaimed
the emperor's son, Crown Prince Asfa-Wossen.
December 14 - Antione Gizenga proclaimed in Stanleyville in the Republic of the Congo
that he had assumed the premiership.
December 15 - King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Deva of Nepal deposed the
government and took power into his own hands.
December 16 - U.S. Secretary of State Christian Herter announced that the United States
would commit five atomic submarines and 80 Polaris missiles to NATO by the end of 1963.
December 16 - A collision of a United Airlines DC-8 and a TWA Super-Constellation
over New York City killed 128 on planes and 6 on the ground.
December 17 - Troops loyal to Haile Selassie I in Ethiopia suppressed the revolt
that started on December 13 and gave power back to their leader upon his return from
Brazil. Haile Selassie absolved his son of any guilt.
December 19 - Fire swept through the USS Constellation, the U.S.'s largest aircraft
carrier, while it was under construction at a Brooklyn Navy Yard pier, injuring 150
and killing 50.
December 20 - Discoverer XIX was launched into polar orbit from Vandenberg Air Force
Base, to measure radiation.
December 27 - France set off its third nuclear test blast at its atomic proving
grounds at Reggane, Algeria.Year in topic
1960 in film
Spartacus, directed by Stanley Kubrick, starring Kirk Douglas, Laurence Olivier,
John Gavin, Jean Simmons, Charles Laughton, Peter Ustinov, and Tony Curtis.
Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho.
The Alamo starring John Wayne.
1960 in sports
September 9 - First American Football League (AFL) game is played. (Denver
Broncos 13, Boston Patriots 10).
1960 in television
February 11 - Jack Paar walks off his TV show because his monologue had
been edited the night before, in favor of a three minute news update. Parr walked
out at the beginning of the show, announced that he was quiting, said "There's got to
be a better way to make a living," and walked off the stage. After network executives
personally apologized, Parr returned to the show a month later. His first show back
started with the words "As I was saying before I was interrupted..."
Candidates John F. Kennedy and Richard M. Nixon debate live on television. The
candidates behavior during the debate most likely altered the outcome of the
election. In addition to being the first Presidential debates to be broadcast on
television, the debates also marked the first time "split screen" images were
used by a network.
The Andy Griffith Show premieres.
Hanna Barbera's The Flintstones make their debut.
90% of homes in the United States now own a television set, and over one hundred
million television sets in use worldwide.Births
January 3 - Joan Chen
January 4 - Michael Stipe
, singer for R.E.M.
January 6 - Nigella Lawson
, celebrity chef, writer.
January 6 - Howie Long
, American football star.
January 11 - Stanley Tucci
January 12 - Oliver Platt
January 13 - Kevin Anderson
January 22 - Michael Hutchence
, musician ("INXS") (d. 1997).
January 24 - Nastassja Kinski
January 28 - Robert von Dassanowsky
, cultural historian, writer, producer.
January 29 - Greg Louganis
, Olympics gold medalist in diving.
February 5 - Leendert Nicolaas Cornelis van den Houten
February 7 - James Spader
, actor (Pretty in Pink, Stargate, The Practice).
February 11 - Richard Mastracchio
February 13 - Pierluigi Collina
, football referee.
February 19 - Prince Andrew
, second son of Queen Elizabeth II.
February 29 - Tony Robbins
, motivational speaker.
March 4 - Mykelti Williamson
March 7 - Joe Carter
, baseball star.
March 7 - Ivan Lendl
, tennis player.
March 13 - Adam Clayton
, bassist for the rock band U2.
March 21 - Ayrton Senna
, automobile racer (d. 1994).
March 26 - Marcus Allen
, American football star.
March 29 - Marina Sirtis
, actress (Star Trek: The Next Generation).
April 2 - Linford Christie
, British athlete.
April 4 - Hugo Weaving
April 14 - Brad Garrett
, actor (Everybody Loves Raymond).
April 26 - Roger Taylor
, musician ("Duran Duran").
May 10 - Bono
, singer of U2.
May 13 - Ronald Arthur (Ron) van den Houten
May 18 - Jari Kurri
, Hockey Hall of Famer.
May 18 - Yannick Noah
, tennis player.
May 20 - Gerdine Wilhelm. Cath. (Dineke) van der Sman
May 20 - John Billingsley
, actor (Star Trek: Enterprise).
May 21 - Jeffrey Dahmer
, serial killer (d. 1994).
June 6 - Gary Graham
, actor (Alien Nation, Star Trek: Enterprise).
June 8 - Mick Hucknall
, singer/songwriter of Simply Red.
July 17 - Anne-Marie Visser
August 4 - José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero
, Prime Minister of Spain.
August 7 - David Duchovny
, actor (The X-Files).
August 10 - Antonio Banderas
, actor (Desperado, Spy Kids).
August 18 - Jenneken Kempe
August 24 - Cal Ripken
, Jr., baseball star.
August 26 - Branford Marsalis
, jazz musician.
September 9 - Hugh Grant
, actor (Nine Months, Notting Hill, Bridget Jones's Diary).
September 10 - Colin Firth
, actor (Shakespeare in Love, Bridget Jones's Diary, Love Actually).
September 16 - John Franco
, baseball relief pitcher.
September 18 - Adriana Marina (Inge) van den Houten
October 5 - Daniel Baldwin
, actor (Homicide: Life on the Street).
October 30 - Diego Maradona
, soccer player.
November 10 - Neil Gaiman
November 14 - Karin Boudewina Dammers
November 25 - John F. Kennedy
, Jr., lawyer and journalist (d. 1999).
November 25 - Amy Grant
, contemporary Christian music star.
December 4 - Glynis Nunn
, Australian heptathlete.
December 10 - Kenneth Branagh
, actor, film director.
December 19 - Mike Lookinland
, actor (The Brady Bunch).
December 27 - Maryam d'Abo
, actress (The Living Daylights).
December 31 - John Allen Muhammad
, convicted Beltway sniper.Deaths
January 4 - Albert Camus
, Author, Nobel Prize winner (1957).
January 12 - Nevil Shute
January 13 - Rembertus Sytse Paulus van den Houten
January 21 - Elisabeth Hogerheijde
January 24 - Edwin Fischer
, pianist and conductor.
February 10 - Aloysius Stepinac
, Roman Catholic prelate.
February 17 - Catharina Jacoba (Cato) Klijn
April 1 - Tuanku Abdul Rahman ibni Almarhum Tuanku Muhammad
di-Pertuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan and 1st Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia.
May 8 - J. H. C. Whitehead
, British mathematician.
May 15 - Neeltje Quant
May 30 - Boris Pasternak
, Soviet novelist.
June 23 - Kommertje van den Houten
June 30 - Marinus de Fouw
August 28 - John O'Hara
, U.S. cardinal.
September 1 - Hisamuddin Alam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah
Sultan of Selangor and 2nd Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia.
November 2 - Dimitri Mitropoulos
, Greek conductor, pianist and composer (b. 1896).
November 5 - Mack Sennett
, pioneer producer/director.William van den Houten
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