January 11 - The United States and United Kingdom give up territorial rights in China.
January 11 - General Juanto dies in Argentina - Ramon Castillo succeeds him.
January 14 - Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the first President of the United States to travel
by airplane while in office (Miami, Florida to Morocco to meet with Winston Churchill to
discuss World War II).
January 15 - World War II: Japanese are driven off Guadalcanal.
January 15 - The world's largest office building, The Pentagon, is dedicated (Arlington,
January 18 - World War II: Soviet officials announce they have broken the Wehrmacht's
siege of Leningrad.
January 18 - The Jews in the Warsaw ghetto rise up for the first time.
January 23 - World War II: British forces capture Tripoli from the Nazis.
January 23 - In Spearfish, South Dakota, temperature rises from -20 to +7 degrees Celsius
in two minutes.
January 23 - Duke Ellington plays at New York City's Carnegie Hall for the first time.
January 24 - World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill conclude a
conference in Casablanca.
January 27 - World War II: 50 bombers mount the first all American air raid against
Germany (Wilhelmshaven was the target).
February 1 - World War II: Vidkun Quisling is appointed Premier of Norway by the Nazi
February 2 - World War II: In Russia, the Battle of Stalingrad comes to an end.
February 7 - World War II: In the United States, it is announced that shoe rationing will
go into effect in two days.
February 8 - World War II: Battle of Kursk - the Russian army captures the city.
February 8 - World War II: Battle of Guadalcanal - United States forces defeat Japanese
February 10 - March 3 - Mohandas Gandhi keeps a hunger strike to protest his imprisonment.
February 11 - General Eisenhower is selected to command the allied armies in Europe.
February 14 - World War II: Rostov, Russia is liberated.
February 14 - World War II: Battle of the Kasserine Pass - German General Erwin Rommel
and his Afrika Korps launch an offensive against Allied defenses in Tunisia; it is the United
States' first major battle defeat of the war.
February 16 - World War II: Russia reconquers Kharkov.
February 18 - The Nazis arrest the members of the White Rose movement.
February 20 - American movie studio executives agree to allow the Office of War
Information to censor movies.
February 22 - Members of White Rose are executed in Nazi Germany.
February 28 - OPERATION GUNNERSIDE, 6 Norwegians led by Joachim Ronneberg
successfully attack the heavy water plant Vemork.
March 1 - "Panzer General" Heinz Guderian becomes the Inspector-General of
the Armoured Troops for the German Army durinng World War II.
March 2 - World War II: Battle of the Bismarck Sea - United States and Australian forces
sink Japanese convoy ships.
March 3 - 173 people are killed in a crush while trying to enter an air-raid shelter at
Bethnal Green tube station in London.
March 8 - World War II: American forces are attacked by Japanese troops on Hill 700 in
Bougainville in a battle that will last five days.
March 13 - World War II: On Bougainville, Japanese troops end their assault on
American forces at Hill 700.
March 13 - Holocaust: German forces liquidate the Jewish ghetto in Kraków.
March 26 - World War II: Battle of Komandorski Islands - In the Aleutian Islands the
battle begins when United States Navy forces intercept Japanese attempting to reinforce
a garrison at Kiska.
April 3 - Shipwrecked steward Poon Lim is rescued by Brazilian fishermen after he has
been adrift for 130 days.
April 22 - Albert Hofmann writes his first report about the hallucinogenic properties
of LSD, which he first synthesized in 1938.
April 25 - Easter occurs on the latest possible date. Last time 1886 next time 2038.
April 27 - The U.S. Federal Writers' Project is shuttered.
May 11 - World War II: American troops invade Attu in the Aleutian Islands in an
attempt to expel occupying Japanese forces.
May 13 - World War II: German Afrika Korps and Italian troops in North Africa surrender
to Allied forces.
May 16 - World War II: The Dambuster Raids by RAF 617 Sqdn on German dams.
May 16 - Holocaust: The Warsaw Ghetto uprising ends.
May 17 - World War II: Surviving RAF Dam Busters return.
May 17 - The United States Army contracts with the University of Pennsylvania's Moore
School to develop the ENIAC.
May 24 - Holocaust: Josef Mengele becomes chief medical officer in Auschwitz.
June 4 - Military coup in Argentina - Castillo is ousted.
July 5 - World War II: Battle of Kursk - The largest tank battle in history begins.
July 5 - World War II: An Allied invasion fleet sails to Sicily.
July 6 - World War II: Americans and Japanese fight the Battle of Kula Gulf off Kolombangara.
July 10 - World War II: The Allies begin their invasion of Axis-controlled Europe with
landings on the island of Sicily, off mainland Italy.
July 12 - World War II: Americans and Japanese fight the naval Battle of Kolombangara.
July 19 - World War II: Rome is bombed by the Allies for the first time in the war.
July 24 - World War II: Operation Gomorrah begins: British and Canadian aeroplanes
bomb Hamburg by night, those of the Americans by day. By the end of the operation
in November, 9,000 tons of explosives will have killed more than 30,000 people and
destroyed 280,000 buildings.
July 25 - In Italy the Gran Consiglio del Fascismo retires its consent to Mussolini;
Mussolini is arrested and the power is given to Maresciallo d'Italia Gen. Pietro Badoglio.
July 27 - World War II: USSR leader Joseph Stalin issues Order No. 227 in response to
alarming German advances into Russia. Under the order all those who retreat or
otherwise leave their positions without orders to do so will be immediately killed.
July 28 - World War II: Operation Gomorrah - The British bomb Hamburg causing a
firestorm that kills 42,000 German civilians.
August 6 - World War II: Americans and Japanese fight the Battle of Vella Gulf
August 17 - World War II: The US 7th Army under General George S. Patton arrive
in Messina, Italy followed several hours later by the British 8th Army under Field
Marshal Bernard L. Montgomery, thus completing the Allied conquest of Sicily.
September 3 - World War II: Mainland Italy is invaded by Allied forces under
Bernard L. Montgomery, for the first time in the war.
September 5 - World War II: The 503rd Parachute Regiment under American General
Douglas MacArthur lands and occupies Nazdab, just east of the port city of Lae in
northeastern Papua New Guinea.
September 8 - World War II: United States General Dwight D. Eisenhower publicly
announces the surrender of Italy to the Allies.
September 8 - World War II: Julius Fucik is executed by Nazis.
October 6 - World War II: Americans and Japanese fight the naval Battle of Vella Lavella.
October 13 - World War II: The new government of Italy sides with the Allies and
declares war on Germany.
October 22 - World War II: RAF delivers a highly destructive airstrike on the
German industrial and population center of Kassel.
November 1 - World War II: In Operation Goodtime, United States Marines land on
Bougainville in the Solomon Islands.
November 2 - World War II: In the early morning hours, American and Japanese ships
fight the inconclusive Battle of Empress Augusta Bay off Bougainville.
November 2 - World War II: British troops, in Italy, reach the Garigliano River.
November 15 - Porajmos: German SS leader Heinrich Himmler orders that Gypsies
and "part-Gypsies" were to be put "on the same level as Jews and placed in
November 16 - World War II: After flying from Britain, 160 American bombers
strike a hydro-electric power facility and heavy water factory in German-controlled
November 16 - World War II: Japanese submarine sinks surfaced USA submarine
USS Corvina near Truk.
November 18 - World War II: 440 Royal Air Force planes bomb Berlin causing only
light damage and killing 131. The RAF lost nine aircraft and 53 aviators.
November 20 - World War II: Battle of Tarawa begins - United States Marines
land on Tarawa and Makin atolls in the Gilbert Islands and take heavy fire from
Japanese shore guns.
November 22 - World War II: War in the Pacific - US President Franklin D. Roosevelt,
British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and ROC leader Chiang Kai-Shek meet in
Cairo, Egypt, to discuss ways to defeat Japan.
November 22 - Lebanon gains independence from France.
November 25 - World War II: Americans and Japanese fight the naval Battle of Cape
St. George between Buka and New Ireland.
November 28 - World War II: Tehran Conference - US President Franklin D. Roosevelt,
British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet Leader Joseph Stalin meet in Tehran
to discuss war strategy (on November 30 they established an agreement concerning
a planned June 1944 invasion of Europe codenamed Operation Overlord).
December 4 - World War II: In Yugoslavia, resistance leader Marshal Tito proclaims
a provisional democratic Yugoslav government in-exile.
December 4 - Great Depression ends in the United States: With unemployment figures
falling fast due to World War II-related employment, US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
closes the Works Progress Administration.
December 20 - Military coup in Bolivia.
December 24 - World War II: US General Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes the
supreme Allied commander.
December 30 - Subhash Chandra Bose raises the flag of Indian independence
at Port Blair.Undated
Development of the Colossus computer by British to break German encryption.
Mondragon cooperative begins in Basque area of northern spain.Ongoing events
Second World War (1939-1945).
Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945).Births
January 2 - Baris Manco
, Turkish celebrity.
January 4 - Doris Kearns Goodwin
January 6 - Terry Venables
, football (soccer) manager.
January 10 - Jim Croce
, singer (d. 1973).
January 11 - Jim Hightower
, radio host, author.
January 16 - Brian Ferneyhough
January 19 - Janis Joplin
, blues singer (d. 1970).
January 19 - Princess Margriet
of the Netherlands.
January 22 - Marinus Franciscus van den Houten
January 24 - Sharon Tate
, actress (d. 1969).
January 25 - Tobe Hooper
January 30 - Marty Balin
February 3 - Blythe Danner
February 5 - Nolan Bushnell
, video game pioneer.
February 5 - Craig Morton
, US football star.
February 6 - Fabian Forte
February 7 - Gareth Hunt
February 9 - Joe Pesci
February 10 - Frank-Patrick Steckel
, theater director.
February 11 - Ian Cameron
, British brigadier.
February 12 - Samuel Karokikki
, Nauruan athlet.
February 14 - Maceo Parker
, musician (P-Funk).
February 15 - Elke Heidenreich
, journalist and writer.
February 18 - Graeme Garden
, writer, comedian, actor.
February 20 - Mike Leigh
February 21 - David Geffen
February 23 - Fred Biletnikoff
, US football star, coach.
February 24 - George Harrison
, musician, member of The Beatles (d. 2001).
February 27 - Morten Lauridsen
March 1 - Gil Amelio
, former CEO of National Semiconductor and Apple Computer,
now a venture capitalist.
March 2 - Peter Straub
, American author.
March 8 - Lynn Redgrave
March 9 - Bobby Fischer
, chess player.
March 9 - Charles Gibson
, television journalist.
March 15 - David Cronenberg
March 19 - Mario Monti
, aka "Super Mario".
March 22 - Bruno Ganz
March 26 - Bob Woodward
March 29 - Evangelos Odysseas Papathanassiou
, aka Vangelis, new age musician.
March 29 - Eric Idle
, actor, writer, composer.
March 29 - John Major
, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
March 31 - Christopher Walken
April 10 - Andrzej Badenski
, Polish athlete.
April 23 - Edie Sedwick
, actor, model.
April 26 - Gerrit van den Houten
May 8 - Toni Tennille
May 9 - Hendrik Pieter van den Houten
May 14 - Sonja Margaretha Veltman
May 14 - Jack Bruce
, bass guitarist.
May 14 - Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson, president of Iceland.
May 22 - Betty Williams
, politician, recipient of the 1976 Nobel Prize for Peace.
May 23 - John Newcombe
, tennis player.
May 26 - Elisabeth Antje (Elly) van den Houten
May 31 - Joe Namath
, US football quarterback.
May 31 - Sharon Gless
June 13 - Adriaantje van den Houten
June 15 - Poul Nyrup Rasmussen
, Prime Minister of Denmark.
June 17 - Newt Gingrich
, US politician.
June 27 - Rico Petrocelli
, baseball player.
July 4 - Maria Johanna Stouthamer
July 4 - Konrad "Conny" Bauer
, musician, free jazz trombonist.
July 4 - Geraldo Rivera
, reporter, talk show host.
July 10 - Arthur Ashe
, tennis player (d. 1993).
July 16 - Margot Koenderman
July 26 - Mick Jagger
August 11 - Pervez Musharraf
, Pakistani general and leader.
August 14 - Jimmy Johnson
, former American Football coach, TV analyst.
August 17 - Robert De Niro
, United States actor.
August 28 - Lou Piniella
, baseball manager.
August 30 - Jean-Claude Killy
September 11 - Gilbert Proesch
, artist, half of Gilbert and George.
September 11 - Raymond Villeneuve
, FLQ terrorist.
September 22 - Toni Basil
, musician, video artist.
October 2 - Franklin Rosemont
, co-founder of the Surrealist Movement in the United States.
October 14 - Lois Hamilton
, model, actress, artist (d. 1999).
October 16 - Paul Rose
, FLQ terrorist, convicted murderer.
October 20 - Rembertus Sytse Paulus van den Houten
November 7 - Joni Mitchell
December 8 - James Douglas Morrison
, later known as Jim Morrison, US singer,
songwriter, poet (d. 1971).
December 11- John Kerry
December 13 - Ferguson Jenkins
, Baseball Hall of Famer.
December 17 - Ron Geesin
December 18 - Keith Richards
, guitarist for The Rolling Stones.
December 23 - Harry Shearer
, actor, voice actor (This Is Spinal Tap, The Simpsons).Unknown date
:Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin
, later Raja of Perlis and Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia.Deaths
January 5 - George Washington Carver
, educator, activist, botanist.
January 7 - Nikola Tesla
January 23 - Alexander Woollcott
, bon vivant.
January 24 - Jacob van den Houten
February 14 - David Hilbert
February 17 - Armand J. Piron
, jazz musician (b. 1888).
February 19 - Krientje Aagje van den Houten
March 28 - Sergei Rachmaninoff
, composer, pianist.
April 18 - Samuel (Sam) van den Houten
May 7 - Leendert Izak Hage
May 26 - Edsel Ford
July 21 - Charlie Paddock
, American athlete.
July 30 - Marinus van den Houten
August 14 - Joe Kelley
, Baseball Hall of Famer (b. 1871).
August 28 - King Boris III
October 5 - Leon Roppolo
, jazz musician (b. 1902).
October 7 - Eugeniusz Bodo
, famous Polish actor, killed by the NKVD.
October 29 - Lucy (Lucia) Stoutjesdyk
December 1 - Damrong Rajanubhab
, Thai prince, administrator and historian (b. 1862).Eidegenegen Eidagaruwo
, first Angam Baby.To my Homepage