January 1 - World War II: The word "United Nations" is first officially used to describe
the Allied pact.
January 2 - World War II: Manila is captured by Japanese forces.
January 5 - Amy Johnson disappears in flight over River Thames estuary - assumed drowned.
January 6 - Pan American Airlines becomes the first commercial airline to have a flight go
around the world.
January 7 - World War II: Siege of the Bataan Peninsula begins.
January 11 - World War II: Japan declares war on the Netherlands and invades the
Netherlands East Indies.
January 11 - World War II: The Japanese capture Kuala Lumpur.
January 12 - President Franklin Roosevelt creates the National War Labor Board.
January 13 - Henry Ford patents a plastic automobile, which is 30% lighter than a regular car.
January 19 - World War II: Japanese forces invade Burma.
January 20 - World War II: Nazis at the Wannsee conference in Berlin decide that the "final
solution to the Jewish problem" is relocation.
January 25 - World War II: Thailand declares war on the United States and United Kingdom.
January 26 - World War II: The first American forces arrive in Europe landing in Northern
February 9 - World War II: Top United States military leaders hold their first formal meeting
to discuss American military strategy in the war.
February 9 - Daylight-saving time goes into effect in the United States.
February 15 - World War II: Singapore surrenders to Japanese forces.
February 19 - World War II: About 150 Japanese warplanes attack Darwin, Australia.
February 19 - World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs executive order 9066
allowing the United States military to define areas as exclusionary zones. These zones affect
the Japanese on the West Coast, and Germans and Italians primarily on the East Coast.
February 20 - Lieutenant Edward O'Hare becomes America's first World War II flying ace.
February 22 - World War II: President Franklin Delano Roosevelt orders General Douglas
MacArthur out of the Philippines as American defense of the nation collapses.
February 23 - Japanese I-boat fires 25 high explosive shells into Santa Barbara refinery
February 24 - Propaganda: The Voice of America begins broadcasting.
April 25 - Princess Elizabeth registers for war service.
April 26 - Coal dust explosion in Honkeika mine in China - 1549 dead.
February 27 - World War II: the USS Langley, the first United States aircraft carrier,
is sunk by Japanese warplanes.
March 5 - Felipe González Márquez, Prime Minister of Spain?
March 8 - World War II: The Dutch surrender to Japanese forces on Java.
March 8 - World War II: Japan captures Rangoon, Burma.
March 11 - World War II: General Douglas MacArthur abandons Corregidor.
March 19 - The Thoroughbred Racing Association is established in Chicago, Illinois.
March 23 - World War II: In the Indian Ocean, Japanese forces capture the Anadaman Islands.
March 26 - World War II: In Poland, Auschwitz receives its first female prisoners.
March 28 - World War II: In occupied France, United Kingdom naval and commando
forces destroy the dry docks at the German-occupied port of St. Nazaire.
April 3 - World War II: Japanese forces begin an all-out assault on the United States and
Filipino troops on the Bataan Peninsula. Bataan fell on April 9 and the Bataan Death
April 27 - World War II: A national plebiscite is held in Canada on the issue of conscription.
May - first test of an undersea oil pipeline in Operation Pluto.
May 6 - World War II: On Corregidor, the last American forces in the Philippines
surrender to the Japanese.
May 8 - World War II: The Battle of the Coral Sea comes to an end. This is the first
time in the naval history where two enemy fleets fought without seeing each other's fleets.
May 12 - World War II: Battle of Kharkov - In the eastern Ukraine, the Soviet Army initiates
its first major offensive of the war. During the battle the Soviets will take the city of Kharkov
back from the German Army.
May 15 - World War II: In the United States, a bill creating the Women's Auxiliary
Army Corps (WAAC) is signed into law.
May 20 - First colored seamen taken into US Navy.
June 4-7 - World War II: The Battle of Midway.
June 9 - World War II: Nazis burn the Czech village of Lidice as reprisal for the
killing of Reinhard Heydrich.
June 12 - Holocaust: Future essayist Anne Frank receives a diary for her thirteenth birthday.
June 13 - The United States opens its Office of War Information, a center for production
July 1 - July 27 - World War II: the First Battle of El Alamein.
July 9 - Holocaust: Anne Frank's family goes into hiding in an attic above her father's
office in an Amsterdam warehouse.
July 13 - World War II: German U-Boats sink three more merchant ships in Gulf of St. Lawrence.
July 16 - Holocaust: On order from the Vichy France government headed by Pierre Laval,
French police officers round-up 13,000-20,000 Jews and imprison them in the Winter Velodrome.
July 18 - World War II: The Germans test fly the Messerschmitt Me-262 using only
its jets for the first time.
July 19 - World War II: Battle of the Atlantic - German Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz
orders the last U-boats to withdraw from their United States Atlantic coast positions
in response to an effective American convoy system.
July 22 - Holocaust: The systematic deportation of Jews from the Warsaw ghetto begins.
August 7 - World War II: Battle of Guadalcanal begins - US Marines initiate the first
American offensive of the war with a landing on Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands.
August 8 - World War II: In Washington, DC, six German would-be saboteurs are
executed (two others were cooperative and received life imprisonment instead).
August 9 - Indian leader, Mohandas Gandhi is arrested in Bombay by British forces.
August 13-14 night - In London instruments detect a massive burst of cosmic rays.
August 16 - Polish-Jewish teacher Janusz Korczak follows a group of Jewish children
into Treblinka death camp.
August 19 - World War II: The Dieppe Raid - Allied forces raid Dieppe, France.
August 22 - World War II: Brazil declared war on Germany and Italy.
September 3 - Francisco Franco fires foreign minister Serano Suñerin.
September 24 - Andrée Borrel and Lise de Baissac became the first female SOE agents
to be parachuted into occupied France.
October 2 - British cruiser Curacao collides with the liner Queen Mary off the coast
of Donegal and sinks - 338 drowned.
October 3 - The first V-2 rocket (A4 Rocket) is launched into space in Peenemünde,
October 9 - Statute of Westminster Adoption Act formalizes Australian autonomy.
October 11 - World War II: Battle of Cape Esperance - On the northwest coast of
Guadalcanal, United States Navy ships intercept and defeat a Japanese fleet on
their way to reinforce troops on the island.
October 16 - Hurricane and flooding in Bombay - 40.000 dead.
October 23 - November 4 - World War II: the Second Battle of El Alamein.
October 28 - The Alaska Highway is completed.
October 29 - Holocaust: In the United Kingdom, leading clergymen and political figures
hold a public meeting to register outrage over Nazi Germany's persecution of Jews.
November 3 - World War II: Second Battle of El Alamein ends - German forces under
Erwin Rommel are forced to retreat during the night.
November 8 - World War II: Operation Torch - United States and United Kingdom
forces land in French North Africa.
November 10 - World War II: In violation of a 1940 armistice, Germany invades
Vichy France following French Admiral François Darlan agreement to an armistice
with the Allies in North Africa.
November 12 - World War II: Battle of Guadalcanal begins - A naval battle near
Guadalcanal starts between Japanese and American forces.
November 13 - World War II: Battle of Guadalcanal - Aviators from the USS
Enterprise sink the Japanese heavy cruiser BB- Hiei.
November 15 - World War II: Battle of Guadalcanal ends - Although the United
States Navy suffered heavy losses, it was able to retain control of Guadalcanal.
November 19 - World War II: Battle of Stalingrad - Soviet Union forces under General
Georgy Zhukov launch the Operation Uranus counterattacks at Stalingrad, turning the
tide of the battle in the USSR's favor.
November 21 - The completion of the Alaska Highway (also known as the Alcan Highway)
is celebrated (the "highway" was not usable by general vehicles until 1943, however).
November 22 - World War II: Battle of Stalingrad - The situation for the German attackers
of Stalingrad seems desperate during the Soviet counter-attack Operation Uranus and
General Friedrich von Paulus sends Adolf Hitler a telegram saying that the German 6th
army is surrounded.
November 23 - German U-boat sinks SS Ben Lomond off the coast of Brazil. One
crewman, Chinese second steward Poon Lim, is separated from the others and spends
130 days adrift until he is rescued April 3, 1943.
November 28 - In Boston, Massachusetts, a fire in the Cocoanut Grove night club
kills 491 people.
December 2 - Manhattan Project: Below the bleachers of Stagg Field at the University
of Chicago, a team led by Enrico Fermi initiate the first self-sustaining nuclear
chain reaction (a coded message, "The Italian navigator has landed in the new world"
was then sent to US President Franklin D. Roosevelt).
December 4 - Holocaust: In Warsaw, two Christian women, Zofia Kossak and Wanda
Filipowicz risk their lives by setting up the Council for the Assistance of the Jews.Undated
Catavi massacre - Bolivian soldiers shoot miners.
Serial killer Singing Strangler in Melbourne.
Grand Coulee Dam finished in Colorado River.
DDT first used as a pesticide.Ongoing events
Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945).Year in topic
1942 in film
Casablanca starring Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman.
1942 in music
"White Christmas" - Bing Crosby.
1942 in television
April 13 - The FCC minimum programming time required of TV stations is cut from 15
hours to four hours a week during the war.Births
January 1 - Gennadi Sarafanov
January 3 - John Thaw
, actor (d. 2002).
January 5 - Maurizio Pollini
January 5 - Charlie Rose
, talk show host.
January 7 - Paul Revere
, singer and musician.
January 8 - Stephen Hawking
, British theoretical physicist.
January 8 - Yvette Mimieux
January 8 - George Passmore
, artist, half of Gilbert and George.
January 11 - Clarence Clemens
, musician (E Street Band).
January 13 - Richard Moll
January 14 - Stig Engström
January 15 - Charo
, singer, actress.
January 17 - Muhammad Ali
January 17 - Ulf Hoelscher
January 19 - Michael Crawford
, singer, actor.
January 25 - Eusébio
, football player.
January 31 - Derek Jarman
, director, writer (d. 1994).
February 1 - Terry Jones
, actor, writer ("Monty Python's Flying Circus").
February 2 - Graham Nash
February 5 - Roger Staubach
, Football Hall of Famer.
February 9 - Carole King
, singer, composer.
February 11 - Archie Andrews
, (comic book character).
February 11 - Leon Haywood
February 11 - Tony Colton
, rock producer.
February 11 - Otis Clay
February 12 - Ehud Barak
, Prime Minister of Israel.
February 13 - Peter Tork
February 15 - Kim Jong-il
, leader of North Korea.
February 20 - Phil Esposito
, ice hockey player.
February 21 - Margarethe von Trotta
, actor, film director, writer.
February 24 - John Neumeier
February 24 - Joseph Lieberman
, politician, candidate for U.S. Vice President.
February 28 - Brian Jones
, musician ("The Rolling Stones") (d. 1969).
March 1 - Gabriel Hudon
, FLQ terrorist.
March 2 - John Irving
March 2 - Lou Reed
, singer and guitarist.
March 5 - Felipe González Márquez
March 7 - Tammy Faye Bakker
March 7 - Michael Eisner
, President of The Walt Disney Company.
March 13 - Dave Cutler
, software engineer.
March 16 - James Soong
March 17 - John Wayne Gacy
, serial killer.
March 19 - Carola Lydia Cutler
March 23 - Walter Rodney
, historian, political figure.
March 25 - Aretha Franklin
March 25 - Richard O'Brien
, actor, writer.
March 26 - Erica Jong
March 27 - Michael York
March 29 - Stingray Davis
, musician (P-Funk).
April 3 - Marsha Mason
April 3 - Wayne Newton
April 5 - Peter Greenaway
, film maker.
April 5 - Pascal Couchepin
, member of the Swiss Federal Council.
April 6 - Barry Levinson
, producer, director.
April 14 - Valentin Lebedev
April 26 - Bobby Rydell
May 2 - Jacques Rogge
, Belgian IOC president.
May 7 - Gerhard Polt
May 9 - John Ashcroft
, United States Attorney General.
May 12 - Ian Dury
, rock star (d. 2000).
May 17 - Taj Mahal
, singer, guitarist.
May 18 - Albert Hammond
, musician, composer.
May 19 - Gary Kildall
, computer programmer (d. 1997).
May 22 - Theodore Kaczynski
, neo-luddite terrorist.
May 22 - Calvin Simon
, musician (P Funk).
May 22 - Volker Canaris
, theatre director.
May 26 - Levon Helm
of The Band.
June 10 - Preston Manning
, Canadian politician.
June 11 - Robert van den Houten
June 18 - Roger Ebert
, film critic.
July 4 - His Royal Highness Prince Michael
July 10 - Pyotr Klimuk
July 10 - Ronnie James Dio
July 13 - Harrison Ford
July 15 - Mil Mascaras
, "The Man of a Thousand Masks".
July 17 - Tim Brooke-Taylor
, radio and TV comedian.
July 23 - Myra Hindley
, Moors murderess.
July 29 - Tony Sirico
August 7 - Garrison Keillor
, radio host.
August 19 - Fred Thompson
, U.S. Senator, attorney, actor (Cape Fear, Law & Order).
September 10 - Stephen Jay Gould
, American biologist.
September 19 - Freda Payne
, singer, actress.
September 27 - Tona Pieternella van den Houten
September 29 - Madeline Kahn
, actress (d. 1999).
September 30 - Frankie Lymon
, American singer.
October 4 - Geertruida van den Houten
October 11 - Amitabh Bachchan
, Indian actor.
October 13 - Jerry Jones
, owner of the Dallas Cowboys.
October 19 - Andrew Vachss
, author and attorney.
October 23 - Michael Crichton
October 28 - Johanna Cornelia de Vin
November 1 - Ralph Klein
, Premier of Alberta.
November 10 - Hans-Rudolf Merz
, member of the Swiss Federal Council.
November 13 - John Hammond
, blues singer.
November 17 - Martin Scorsese
, film director.
November 27 - Jimi Hendrix
, rock musician.
November 27 - Henry Carr
, American athlete.
December 6 - Peter Handke
, Austrian novelist.
December 7 - Peter Tomarken
, game show host.
December 9 - Dick Butkus
, Chicago Bears linebacker.
December 20 - Bob Hayes
, American athlete.Unknown date
- Moammar Al Qadhafi.Rene Tuinder
January 5 - Cornelia Johanna van den Houten
January 6 - Henri de Baillet-Latour
, Belgian IOC president.
January 16 - Carole Lombard
February 19 - Frank Abbandando
(executed), Mafia hitman.
February 28 - Karel Doorman
, Dutch admiral.
March 1 - Cornelius Vanderbilt III
, military officer, inventor, engineer.
March 8 - José Raúl Capablanca
, Cuban chess player.
April 15 - Robert Musil
, Austrian novelist.
April 18 - Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney
, sculptor, socialite.
May 3 - Thorvald Stauning
, Prime Minister of Denmark.
May 14 - Maria Bruggeman, later Maria Lokker
May 29 - John Barrymore
, actor (b. 1882).
July 23 - Adam Czerniakow
, head of the Judenrat in the Warsaw Ghetto.
August 25 - His Royal Highness Prince Edward
, Duke of Kent.
September 29 - Esther Adolphine
, sister of Sigmund Freud, in Theresienstadt
November 5 - George M. Cohan
, US songwriter & entertainer.
November 19 - Bruno Schulz
, Polish-Jewish writer and painter, shot dead by a German
officer in the Drohobycz ghetto (b. 1892).
December 19 - Leendert Cornelis van As
, organizer of Dievturiba.To my Homepage