January 6 - Franklin Delano Roosevelt delivers his Four Freedoms Speech in the State of
the Union Address.
January 10 - Lend-Lease is introduced into the United States Congress.
January 19 - British troops attack Italian-held Eritrea.
January 21 - World War II: Australian and British forces attack Tobruk, Libya.
January 22 - World War II: British troops capture Tobruk from the Germans.
January 23 - Charles Lindbergh testifies before the United States Congress and
recommends that the United States negotiate a neutrality pact with Adolf Hitler.
February 3 - World War II: The Nazis forcibly restore Pierre Laval to office in occupied
February 4 - World War II: The United Service Organization (USO) is created to
entertain American troops.
February 11 - World War II: Lieutenant-General Erwin Rommel arrives in Tripoli.
March 1 - World War II: Bulgaria signs the Tripartite Pact thus joining the Axis powers.
March 1 - W47NV begins operations in Nashville, Tennessee becoming the first FM radio
March 11 - World War II: President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signs the Lend-Lease Act
into law, allowing American-built war supplies to be shipped to the Allies on loan.
March 17 - In Washington, DC, the National Gallery of Art is officially opened by
President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
March 22 - Washington's Grand Coulee Dam begins to generate electricity.
March 25 - World War II: Kingdom of Yugoslavia in Vienna joins the Axis powers.
March 27 - World War II: Attack on Pearl Harbor - Japanese spy Takeo Yoshikawa arrives
in Honolulu, Hawaii and begins to study the United States fleet at Pearl Harbor.
March 29 - World War II: Battle of Cape Matapan - Off the Peloponnesus coast in the
Mediterranean, British naval forces defeat those of Italy sinking five warships. Battle
started on March 27.
April 6 - World War II: Germany invades Yugoslavia and Greece.
April 17 - World War II: Yugoslav Royal Army capitulates.
April 21 - World War II: Greece capitulates. British troops retract to Crete.
April 27 - World War II: German troops enter Athens.
April - Russia and Japan sign a neutrality pact.
May 6 - At California's March Field Bob Hope performs his first USO Show.
May 9 - World War II: The German submarine U-110 is captured by the British Royal
Navy. On board is the latest Enigma cryptography machine which Allied cryptergraphers
later use to break coded German messages.
May 10 - World War II: The United Kingdom's House of Commons is damaged
by the Luftwaffe in an air raid.
May 10 - World War II: Rudolf Hess parachutes into Scotland claiming to be
on a peace mission.
May 20 - World War II: Battle of Crete - German troops invade Crete.
May 21 - World War II: 950 miles off the coast of Brazil, the freighter SS Robin
Moor becomes the first United States ship sunk by a German U-boat.
May 24 - World War II: In the North Atlantic, the German battleship Bismarck sinks
the HMS Hood killing all but three crewman on what was the pride of the Royal Navy.
May 26 - World War II: In the North Atlantic, Swordfish planes from the carrier HMS
Ark Royal fatally cripple the German battleship Bismarck in torpedo attack.
May 27 - World War II: President Roosevelt proclaims an "unlimited national emergency."
May 27 - World War II: German battleship Bismarck is sunk in North Atlantic killing 2,300.
June 1 - World War II: Crete capitulates to Germany.
June 8 - World War II: Allies invade Syria and Lebanon.
June 9 - World War II: Finland initiate mobilization and put some units under German
June 14 - Mass deportations by Soviet Union authorities take place in Estonia, Latvia
June 22 - World War II: Germany attacks the Soviet Union in Operation Barbarossa.
June 25 - World War II: Finland attacked by the Soviet Union seeks the opportunity
of revanche in the Continuation War.
July 4 - Mass murder of Polish scientists and writers, committed by Nazi Germans in
captured Polish city of Lvov.
July 5 - World War II: German troops reach the Dniepr River.
July 7 - World War II: American forces land in Iceland to forestall an invasion by the Nazis.
July 26 - World War II: In response to the Japanese occupation of French Indo-China,
US President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders the seizure of all Japanese assets in
the United States.
July 31 - Holocaust: Under instructions from Adolf Hitler, Nazi official Hermann Göring,
orders SS general Reinhard Heydrich to "submit to me as soon as possible a general plan
of the administrative material and financial measures necessary for carrying out the desired
final solution of the Jewish question."
August - Formation of the Political Warfare Executive in the United Kingdom.
August 18 - Holocaust: Adolf Hitler orders an end to the systematic euthanasia of mentally ill
and handicapped due to protests within Germany.
September 6 - Holocaust: The requirement to wear the Star of David with the word
"Jew" inscribed, is extended to all Jews over the age of 6 in German-occupied areas.
September 8 - World War II: Siege of Leningrad begins - German forces begin a siege
against the Soviet Union's second-largest city, Leningrad.
September 16 - Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran is forced to resign in favor of his son Mohammad
Reza Pahlavi of Iran under pressure from the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union.
October 2 - World War II: Operation Typhoon - Germany begins an all-out offensive
October 8 - World War II: In their invasion of the Soviet Union, Germany reaches the
Sea of Azov with the capture of Mariupol.
October 21 - World War II: Germans rampage in Yugoslavia, killing thousands of civilians.
October 30 - World War II: Franklin Delano Roosevelt approves US$1 billion in
Lend-Lease aid to the Soviet Union.
October 31 - After 14 years of work, drilling is completed on Mount Rushmore.
October 31 - World War II: The destroyer USS Reuben James is torpedoed by a German
U-boat near Iceland, killing more than 100 United States Navy sailors.
November 6 - World War II: Soviet leader Josef Stalin addresses the Soviet Union for
only the second time during his three-decade rule (the first time was earlier that year on
July 2). He states that even though 350,000 troops were killed in German attacks so
far, that the Germans have lost 4.5 million soldiers (a gross exaggeration) and
that Soviet victory was near.
November 12 - World War II: Temperatures around Moscow drop to -12 ° C and the
Soviet Union launches ski troops for the first time against the freezing German
forces near the city.
November 13 - World War II: The aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal is hit by German
November 14 - World War II: HMS Ark Royal capsizes and sinks, having been
torpedoed by U 81.
November 17 - World War II: Attack on Pearl Harbor - Joseph Grew, the United
States ambassador to Japan, cables the State Department that Japan had plans to launch
an attack against Pearl Harbor, Hawaii (his cable was ignored).
November 19 - World War II: The Australian war cruiser HMAS Sydney sinks off the
coast of Western Australia, killing 645 sailors.
November 21 - The radio program King Biscuit Time is broadcast for the first time
(it would later become the longest running daily radio broadcast in history and the most
famous live blues radio program).
November 24 - World War II: The United States grants Lend-Lease to the Free French.
November 26 - US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signs a bill establishing the fourth
Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day in the United States (this partly reversed
a 1939 action by Roosevelt that changed the celebration of Thanksgiving to the
third Thursday of November).
November 26 - World War II: The Hull note ultimatum is delivered to Japan by the
November 26 - World War II: Attack on Pearl Harbor - A fleet of six aircraft carriers
commanded by Japanese Vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo leaves Hitokapu Bay for
Pearl Harbor under strict radio silence.
November 27 - A group of young men stop traffic on highway US 99 south of Yreka,
California, handing out fliers proclaiming the establishment of the State of Jefferson.
December 1 - World War II: Former mayor of New York City, Fiorello LaGuardia,
and the director of the Office of Civilian Defense, sign an order creating the Civil Air
Patrol (CAP) as the civilian auxiliary of the United States Air Force (in April 1943 the
CAP was placed under the jurisdiction of the Army Air Forces).
December 7,December 6 (in Japan standard time) - Japanese navy launches a surprise
attack on the United States fleet at Pearl Harbor, thus drawing the United States into
World War II.
December 8 - World War II: The United States officially declares war on Japan.
December 11 - World War II: Germany declares war on the United States.
December 25 - World War II: British and Canadians are defeated by the Japanese at
December 27 - World War II: British Commandos raid the Norwegian port of
Vaagso, causing hitler to reinforce the garrison.
John Vincent Atanasoff and Clifford E. Berry developed the Atanasoff Berry Computer.
Ives and Stilwell prove that ions radiate at frequencies affected by their motion.
In Sweden, Victor Hasselblad forms the Hasselblad camera company.
The Pinnacle Commune, a Rastafarian community, is destroyed by Jamaican authorities.
Indochina Communist party, led by Ho Chi Minh, combines with Nationalist party to
form the Vietminh.Ongoing events
Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945).
World War II (1939-1945).Year in topic
1941 in film
May 1 - Citizen Kane, starring Orson Welles.
October 3 - The Maltese Falcon, starring Humphrey Bogart.
Alfred Hitchcock's Suspicion.
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde starring Spencer Tracy, Ingrid Bergman and Lana Turner.
1941 in literature
The Screwtape Letters by C.S. Lewis.
Darkness at Noon by Arthur Koestler.
Call It Courage by Armstrong Sperry.
1941 in music
February 11 - 1st Gold record presented to Glenn Miller for Chattanooga Choo Choo.
1941 in sports
May 15 - Joe DiMaggio starts his record-breaking 56-game hitting streak.
One of the greatest race horses of his time, Epinard, was taken during the German
occupation of France and used as a delivery wagon horse.
1941 in television
April 30 - The FCC approves the NTSC standards of 525 lines and 30 frames per second,
and authorizes commercial TV to begin on July 1.
May 2 - 10 television stations were granted commercial TV licenses (effective July 1). These
stations were required to broadcast 15 hours per week. Bulova Watch Co., Sun Oil Co.,
Lever Bros. Co. and Procter & Gamble sign on as sponsors of the first commercial telecasts
from WNBT in New York.
July 1 - Commercial TV authorized by the FCC.
July 1 - Ralph Edwards hosted the first game show broadcast on television, Truth Or
Consequences, simulcast on radio and TV and sponsored by Ivory Soap. The first legal
TV commercial in the United States for Bulova watches occurs at 2:29, superimposed
over a test pattern.Births
January 3 - Van Dyke Parks
, musician, composer.
January 4 - Henri Bergson
January 5 - Miyazaki Hayao
, Japanese film maker.
January 5 - Grady Thomas
, singer (P-Funk).
January 8 - Graham Chapman
January 14 - Faye Dunaway
January 14 - Milan Kucan
, Slovene politician, statesman.
January 15 - Captain Beefheart
January 18 - David Ruffin
, singer (d. 1991).
January 21 - Richie Havens
January 21 - Placido Domingo
, opera singer.
January 26 - Henry Jaglom
January 26 - Scott Glenn
January 30 - Dick Cheney
January 31 - Richard Gephardt
, American politician.
February 5 - Kaspar Villiger
, former member of the Swiss Federal Council.
February 8 - Nick Nolte
February 10 - Michael Apted
February 11 - Glenn Randall Jr
February 11 - Jeremy Mackenzie
February 13 - Sigmar Polke
February 17 - Julia McKenzie
February 17 - Gene Pitney
February 20 - Buffy Sainte-Marie
February 24 - Pieter Simon (Piet) van Leeuwen
February 27 - Paddy Ashdown
, British politician.
March 3 - Jutta Hoffmann
March 4 - Adrian Lyne
March 6 - Willie Stargell
, Baseball Hall of Famer (d. 2001).
March 14 - Wolfgang Petersen
, director, Das Boot.
March 15 - Mike Love
, musician ("The Beach Boys").
March 16 - Bernardo Bertolucci
, film director.
March 18 - Wilson Pickett
March 26 - Richard Dawkins
, British scientist.
March 30 - Wasim Sajjad
, former President of Pakistan.
April 6 - Hans W. Geissendörfer
, German film director.
April 14 - Pete Rose
, baseball star.
April 20 - Marijke van den Houten
April 23 - Paavo Lipponen
, Prime Minister of Finland.
May 13 - Ritchie Valens
, singer (d. 1959).
May 13 - Senta Berger
May 15 - K.T. Oslin
, country musician.
May 19 - Nora Ephron
May 24 - Bob Dylan
, US poet and musician.
June 5 - Martha Argerich
, Argentinian pianist.
June 5 - Spalding Gray
, actor, screenwriter, and monologue artist (d. 2004).
June 27 - Krzysztof Kieslowski
, film director.
July 14 - Maulana Karenga
, author & activist.
August 16 - Neeltje Mietje van den Houten
August 22 - Bill Parcells
, NFL coach.
September 9 - Otis Redding
, musician (d. 1967).
September 9 - Dennis Ritchie
, computer scientist.
September 19 - Cass Elliott
, singer (d. 1974).
October 4 - Anne Rice
, horror/fantasy writer.
October 5 - Eduardo Duhalde
, former president of Argentina.
November 7 - Marinus Jan (Rinus) van den Houten
November 29 - Bill Freehan
, baseball player.
November 30 - Theo van den Houten
December 18- His Royal Highness Prince William
January 5 - Amy Johnson
January 8 - Lord Robert Baden-Powell
, founder of Scouting.
January 10 - Joe Penner
, comedian, actor.
January 13 - James Joyce
January 25 - Stoffel van den Houten
February 11 - Rudolf Hilferding
, German economist, Minister of Finance.
February 13 - Huibregt Heijt
February 21 - Maria Gerardina van der Velden
February 28 - King Alfonso XIII
March 6 - Gutzon Borglum
March 8 - Sherwood Anderson
March 15 - Alexej von Jawlensky
, Russian impressionist painter.
March 28 - Virginia Woolf
April 13 - Andreas Johannes Hagenaars
June 2 - Lou Gehrig
, baseball legend (b. 1903).
June 6 - Louis Chevrolet
, automobile builder.
July 10 - Jelly Roll Morton
- jazz musician & composer (b. 1890).
July 11 - Arthur Evans
July 26 - Henri Lebesgue
August 31 - Lieven Jonker
August 31 - Marina Tsvetaeva
, Russian poet (suicide).
August 7 - Rabindranath Tagore
September 6 - Jacobus van den Houte
September 13 - Elias Disney
, American farmer and father of Walt Disney.
November 2 - Adrianus Robijn
November 18 - Chris Watson
, third Prime Minister of Australia.
November 27 - Margrieta Snoek
December 3 - Christian Sinding
, composer.To my Homepage