January 5 - Ford Motor Company announces an eight-hour workday and a minimum wage
of $5 for a day's labor.
February 13 - Copyright: In New York City the ASCAP (for American Society of
Composers, Authors and Publishers) is established to protect the copyrighted
musical compositions of its members.
April 14 - The city of Irving, Texas was incorporated.
May - American Radio Relay League founded.
May 14 - Woodrow Wilson signs Mother's Day proclamation.
May 14 - The Hellenic Holocaust begins in the Ottoman Empire.
May 25 - The United Kingdom's House of Commons passes Irish Home Rule.
May 29 - Ocean liner Empress of Ireland sinks in Gulf of St. Lawrence; 1,024 lives lost.
June 28 - Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip assassinates Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of
Austria at Sarajevo, Bosnia.
July 18 - Within the United States Army the Signal Corps is formed giving definite status to
its air service for the first time.
July 28 - World War I begins: Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia after it failed to meet
the conditions of an ultimatum it set on July 23 following the Sarajevo assassination.
August 1 - Germany declares war on Russia following latter's military mobilization in
support of Serbia.
August 2 - German troops occupy Luxembourg.
August 3 - Germany declares war on Russia's ally France.
August 4 - German troops invade neutral Belgium in advance on France. Britain declares war
on Germany after the latter fails to undertake to respect Belgian neutrality. The United States
August 5 - In Cleveland, Ohio, the first electric traffic light is installed.
August 15 - Panama Canal opens to traffic.
August 23, Japan declares war on Germany.
August 20 - World War I: German forces occupy Brussels.
September 1 - St. Petersburg, Russia changes its name to Petrograd.
September 5 - World War I: First Battle of the Marne begins - Northeast of Paris, the French
6th Army under General Michel-Joseph Maunoury attack German forces who are advancing
on the capital. Over 2 million troops will fight in the battle and 100,000 will be killed or
wounded in this significant Allied victory.
September 6 - French and British counterattack at Marne ends German advance on Paris.
September 26 - The US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) established by the Federal
Trade Commission Act.
October 9 - World War I: Siege of Antwerp - Antwerp, Belgium falls to German troops.
October 29 - World War I: Ottoman warships shell Russian Black Sea ports: Russia,
France and Britain declare war on November 1-5.
November 1 - World War I: Battle of Coronel fought - A Royal Navy squadron
commanded by Rear-Admiral Sir Christopher Craddock is met and defeated by the
superior German forces led by Vice-Admiral Graf Maximilian von Spee. This is the
first British naval defeat of the war.
November 5 - The United Kingdom annexes Cyprus, and together with France declares
war on the Ottoman Empire.
November 16 - A year after being created by passage of the Federal Reserve
Act of 1913, the Federal Reserve Bank of the United States officially
opens for business.
November 28 - World War I: Following a war-induced closure in July, the New York
Stock Exchange re-opens for bond trading.
W. H. Carrier patents design of air conditioner.
The capital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China moved from
Guilin to Nanning.Births
January 1 - Noor Inayat Khan
, WW II heroine, executed by the Nazis ( 1944).
January 4 - Jane Wyman
January 5 - George Reeves
, actor ( 1959).
January 6 - Danny Thomas
, singer, actor, comedian ( 1991).
January 14 - Aarnout Stroosnijder
January 14 - Harold Russell
, actor ( 2002).
January 17 - William Stafford
, poet and pacifist ( 1993).
January 18 - Arno Schmidt
, author ( 1979).
January 30 - David Wayne
, actor ( 1995).
January 30 - John Ireland
, actor ( 1992).
January 31 - Jersey Joe Walcott
, boxer ( 1994).
February 4 - Alfred Andersch
, narrator and author of radio drama ( 1980).
February 4 - Ida Lupino
, actress, director, writer ( 1995).
February 5 - William S. Burroughs
, US author ( 1997).
February 6 - Thurl Ravenscroft
, voice-over actor ("Tony the Tiger").
February 9 - Gypsy Rose Lee
, actress, ecdysiast ( 1970).
February 9 - Ernest Tubb
, country music singer ( 1984).
February 11 - Matt Dennis
February 11 - French Duynstee
, Dutch constitutional lawyer.
February 11 - Menelaos Pallantios
February 11 - Winand Borgerhoff Mulder
, court judge of Amsterdam.
February 12 - Tex Beneke
, musician, band leader ( 2000).
February 24 - Zachary Scott
March 1 - Ralph Ellison
, writer ( 1994).
March 2 - Martin Ritt
, director ( 1990).
March 5 - Hubrecht Marinus van den Houten
March 7 - Regina Jacoba Augusta Julia van den Houten
March 7 - Gerritje van Apeldoorn
March 13 - Edward O'Hare
, US pilot ( 1943).
March 17 - Sammy Baugh
, American football star.
March 19 - Jay Berwanger
, football star, 1st Heisman Trophy winner ( 2002).
March 26 - William Westmoreland
, United States commander in Vietnam War.
March 28 - Edmund Muskie
, United States politician ( 1996).
March 30 - Sonny Boy Williamson
March 31 - Octavio Paz
, author, Nobel Prize for Literature ( 1998).
April 2 - Alec Guinness
, actor ( 2000).
April 4 - Marguerite Duras
, writer ( 1996).
April 22 - Elisabeth van den Houten
April 22 - Johannes Antonius van den Houten
April 22 - Jan de Hartog
, writer ( 2002).
April 25 - Ross Lockridge Jr.
, writer ( 1948).
April 26 - Bernard Malamud
, author ( 1986).
April 26 - Lilian Rolfe
, SOE agent executed by the Nazis ( 1945).
May 8 - Romain Gary
, writer and diplomat ( 1980).
May 9 - Hank Snow
, country musician ( 1999).
May 12 - Howard K. Smith
, journalist ( 2002).
May 13 - Joe Louis
, boxer ( 1981).
May 19 - Go Seigen
, Go player.
May 19 - Max Perutz
, molecular biologist ( 2002).
May 22 - Vance Packard
, author ( 1996).
May 22 - Sun Ra
, jazz musician ( 1993).
May 28 - W. G. G. Duncan Smith
, World War II pilot ( 1996).
May 29 - Tenzing Norgay
, Sherpa ( 1986).
May 29 - Eduard Pestel
, scientist and engineer ( 1988).
May - Arnold Gerschwiler
, figure skating trainer ( 2003).
June 6 - Johannis Antonius van den Houten
June 15 - Yuri Andropov
, soviet politician and General Secretary of CPSU ( 1984).
June 19 - Alan Cranston
, US senator ( 2000).
June 21 - William Vickrey
, economist ( 1996).
July 2 - Nicolaas Jacobus van den Houten
July 19 - John Kenneth Macalister
, Canadian SOE agent ( 1944).
July 30 - Lord Killanin
, sixth president of the IOC ( 1999).
August 17 - Franklin Delano Roosevelt
, Jr., lawyer, politician ( 1988).
August 17 - Gabrielle Weidner
, Belgian heroine of World War II ( 1945).
September 5 - Sor Isolina Ferre
, Puerto Rican catholic nun ( 2000).
September 12 - Desmond Llewelyn
, British actor, (Q in the James Bond movies) ( 1999).
September 12 - Janusz Zurakowski
, Polish-Canadian pilot ( 2004).
September 16 - Allen Funt
, host of Candid Camera ( 1999).
October 6 - Thor Heyerdahl
, Norwegian explorer ( 2002).
October 16 - Zahir Shah
, King of Afghanistan.
October 21 - Martin Gardner
, writer on mathematics and games.
October 27 - Dylan Thomas
, Welsh poet and author ( 1953).
October 28 - Jonas Salk
, medical scientist, developer of polio vaccine ( 1995).
November 8 - Fred van Houten
November 11 - Howard Fast
, American novelist and television writer.
November 20 - Charles Berlitz
, author ( 2003).
November 20 - Jean-Pierre Grenier
, actor ( 2000).
November 25 - Joe DiMaggio
, American baseball player ( 1999).
December 10 - Dorothy Lamour
, actress ( 1996).
December 26 - Richard Widmark
December 29 - Billy Tipton
, jazz musician ( 1989).
December 30 - Bert Parks
, singer, actor, host of Miss America Pageant ( 1992).Deaths
April 1 - Rube Waddell
, Baseball Hall of Famer.
April 26 - Naboth Cornelis van Dijl
May 2 - John Campbell
, 9th Duke of Argyll, husband of Princess Louise of the
United Kingdom, aunt of King George V.
May 7 - Cornelis van den Houten --> Cornelis Noteboom
May 26 - Willemtje (Willempje) van Splunder
June 28 - Franz Ferdinand
, Archduke of Austria.
June 28 - Archduchess Sophie Chotek
, wife of Franz Ferdinand.
July 3 - Joseph Chamberlain
, British politician.
July 20 - Anna Polderman
August 20 - Aart van den Houten
August 20 - Pope Pius X
August 30 - Aleksander Samsonov
, Russian general.
September 1 - Martha
, the last passenger pigeon.
November 2 - Stoffelina Rommelse
November 21 - Pieter van den Houten
November 26 - Cornelia Noteboom
December 17 - Antonia van Tiel
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