January 1 - Establishment of Republic of China.
January 6 - New Mexico is admitted as the 47th U.S. state.
January 17 - British polar explorer Robert Falcon Scott and a team of four become the
second expedition to reach the South Pole.
Alfred Wegener proposes the theory of continental drift.
February 12 - Republic of China adopts the Gregorian calendar.
February 14 - Arizona is admitted as the 48th U.S. state.
February 14 - In Groton, Connecticut, the first diesel-powered submarine is commissioned.
March 1 - Albert Berry makes the first parachute jump from a moving airplane.
March 5 - Italian forces are the first to use airships for a military purpose by using them for
reconnaissance west of Tripoli behind Turkish lines.
March 7 - Roald Amundsen
announces discovery of the South Pole.
March 12 - The Girl Guides (later renamed the Girl Scouts) are founded.
March 30 - France establishes a protectorate over Morocco.
April 15 - Sinking of the S.S. Titanic.
May 13 - In the United Kingdom, the Royal Flying Corps (now the Royal Air Force) in
June 6-June 8 - eruption of Novarupta in Alaska, second largest volcanic eruption in
July 30 - In Japanese History, end of the Meiji Era and beginning of the Taisho Era.
August 25 - Kuomintang, the Chinese nationalist party is founded.
September 25 - Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism founded in New
York, New York.
October 8 - First Balkan War begins: Montenegro declares war against Turkey.
October 14 - While campaigning in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, former president Theodore
Roosevelt is shot by saloonkeeper William Schrank. With a fresh flesh wound and the
bullet still in him, Roosevelt still delivers his scheduled speech.
November 5 - U.S. presidential election, 1912: Democratic challenger Woodrow Wilson
wins a landslide victory over Republican incumbent William Howard Taft. Taft's base
was undercut by Progressive Party candidate (and former Republican) Theodore
Roosevelt, who finished second, ahead of Taft.
November 11 - Khios declares its independence from the ottoman empire.
November 27 - Spain declares a protectorate over the north shore of Morocco.
November 28 - Albania declares its independence from the Ottoman Empire.
December 3 - First Balkan War ends - Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro, and Serbia (the
Balkan League) sign an armistice with Turkey, ending the two-month long war.
Sea Scouting begins under the aegis of the Boy Scouts of America
The first blues song, "The Memphis Blues," is published.Births
January 7 - Charles Addams
January 8 - José Ferrer
, actor (d. 1992).
January 14 - Rudolf Hagelstange
, German lyricist, narrator and essayist (d. 1984).
January 16 - Franz Tumler
, Austrian narrator (d. 1998).
January 21 - Antonia Elizabeth van den Houten
January 26 - Johanna Naaijen
January 28 - Jackson Pollock
, painter, initiator of Dripping painting (d. 1956).
January 30 - Barbara W. Tuchman
, historian (d. 1989).
February 6 - Eva Braun
, Adolf Hitler's mistress (d. 1945).
February 11 - Roy Fuller
, English poet/novelist.
February 11 - Rudolf Firkusny Napajedla
, Czechoslovakian, pianist.
February 18 - Heinz Kühn
, politician (d. 1992).
February 19 - Stan Kenton
, musician (d. 1979).
February 20 - Pierre Boulle
February 27 - Lawrence Durrell
, writer (d. 1990).
February 28 - Elisabeth Katholina van den Houten
February 28 - Willem van den Houten
March 5 - David Astor
, British newspaper publisher.
March 8 - Preston Smith
, Governor of Texas (d. 2003).
March 12 - Irving Layton
March 14 - Les Brown
, band leader (d. 2001).
March 15 - Lightnin' Hopkins
, musician (d. 1982).
March 16 - Pat Nixon
, actress, First Lady of the United States (d. 1993).
March 17 - Bayard Rustin
, civil rights activist (d. 1987).
March 18 - Lucien Laurin
, Secretariat's Hall of Fame trainer (d. 2000).
March 22 - Karl Malden
March 23 - Wernher von Braun
, physicist and engineer (d. 1977).
March 27 - James Callaghan
, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
March 31 - Hermann Höcherl
, politician (d. 1989).
April 5 - Gerbrand van den Houten
April 8 - Sonja Henie
, Olympic and World Champion figure skater (d. 1969).
April 20 - Willem (Mosje) van den Houten
April 26 - A.E. van Vogt
, science fiction writer (d. 2000).
April 27 - Jan Willem van den Houten
April 28 - Odette Sansom
, SOE agent, WW II heroine (d. 1995).
May 9 - Pedro Armendáriz
, actor (d. 1963).
May 12 - Archibald Cox
, Watergate special prosecutor.
May 14 - Ben Hogan
, golfer (d. 1997).
May 15 - Adriaan Leendert de Vin
May 16 - Studs Terkel
May 18 - Walter Sisulu
, anti-apartheid activist (d. 2003).
May 18 - Perry Como
, singer (d. 2001).
May 23 - John Payne
, actor (d. 1989).
May 27 - Sam Snead
May 28 - Patrick White
, author (d. 1990).
May 30 - Joseph Stein
May 31 - Alfred Deller
, singer, early modern countertenor (d. 1979).
June 1 - Everarda Adriana Jochems
June 13 - Marinus Baltus van den Houten
June 23 - Alan Turing
, mathematician (d. 1954).
June 26 - Jay Silverheels
, actor (d. 1980).
July 1 - David R. Brower
, major environmentalist (d. 2000).
July 6 - Rino van den Houten
July 14 - Woody Guthrie
, folk musician (d. 1969).
July 17 - Art Linkletter
, television host.
July 18 - Pietje Johanna van Dam
August 14 - John Jacob Astor V
, member of the Astor family.
August 30 - Nancy Wake
, WW II heroine.
September 5 - Marinus van den Houten
September 5 - John Cage
, American composer.
September 6 - Boudewina van den Houten
September 12 - Jacques Fath
, French couturier (d. 1954).
September 19 - Kurt Sanderling
September 21 - Chuck Jones
September 22 - Martha Scott
, American actress (d. 2003).
September 29 - Michelangelo Antonioni
, Italian film director.
October 17 - Pope John Paul I
October 21 - Georg Solti
, conductor (d. 1997).
October 22 - Johan Hendrik Weidner
, Belgian born WW II hero (d. 1994).
November 4 - Vadim Salmanov
October 27 - Conlon Nancarrow
, composer (d. 1997).
November 21 - Eleanor Powell
, actress, dancer (d. 1982).
November 26 - Eugene Ionesco
, playwright (d. 1994).
December 12 - Henry Armstrong
, American boxing champion (d. 1988).
December 18 - Maarten van den Houten
(unknown) - Laurence Henry Hicks
, composer.Still born
June 15 - Still born van den Houten (boy)
February 5 - Neeltje van den Houten
February 16 - Nikolai
of Japan, Eastern Orthodox monk priest, saint.
March 29 - Robert Falcon Scott
March 30 - Karl May
April 15 - Most of crew and passengers on the Titanic.
April 15 - John Jacob Astor IV
, businessman aboard the Titanic.
April 15 - Benjamin Guggenheim
, businessman, aboard the Titanic.
May 14 - August Strindberg
May 25 - Austin Lane Crothers
May 30 - Wilbur Wright
of the Wright brothers, American co-inventor of the airplane.
August 27 - Cornelis Catharinus Antonius Dales
September 17 - Dina Cornelia van den Houten
December 31 - Dingeman Quant
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