January 11 - Anglo-Zulu War begins.
January 22 - Zulu troops massacre British troops at the Battle of Isandlwana.
February 12 - At New York City's Madison Square Garden the first artificial ice rink in North
February 15 - Women's rights: American President Rutherford B. Hayes signs a bill allowing
female attorneys to argue cases before the Supreme Court of the United States.
February 22 - In Utica, New York, Frank Woolworth opens the first of many of 5 and 10-cent
March 3 - The United States Geological Survey is created.
March 13 - Marriage of The Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, third son of Queen Victoria,
to Princess Louise of Prussia.
March 29 - Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Kambula: British forces defeat 20,000 Zulus.
May 26 - Russia and the United Kingdom sign the Treaty of Gandamak establishing an
May 30 - New York City's Gilmores Garden is renamed Madison Square Garden by William
Vanderbilt and is opened to the public at 26th Street and Madison Avenue.
July 19 - Doc Holliday kills for the first time after a man shoots-up Holliday's New Mexico
October 21 - Using a filament of carbonized thread, Thomas Edison tests the first practical
electric light bulb (it lasted 13 1/2 hours before burning out).
December 28 - The central part of the Tay Rail Bridge in Dundee, Scotland collapses as a
train passed over it, killing 75.
December 30 - The Pirates of Penzance is first performed (Paignton, Devon, England).
December 31 - Thomas Edison demonstrates incandescent lighting to the public for the first
time (Menlo Park, New Jersey).
Hall effect discovered by Dr. Edwin Hall.
Somerville College founded.
Dual Alliance formed by Germany and Austria-Hungary.Births
January 3 - Grace Coolidge
, First Lady.
January 7 - Aart van den Houten
January 13 - Melvin Jones
, founder of Lions Clubs International.
January 28 - Francis Picabia
, painter, poet.
January 30 - Johannes de Waal
February 8 - Josina van den Houten
February 9 - Dina van den Houten
February 22 - J. N. Bronsted
, physical chemist.
February 27 - Jacob van den Berge
March 8 - Otto Hahn
, winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1944 (+ 1968).
March 14 - Albert Einstein
, physicist, winner of the Nobel Prize in physics 1921 (+ 1955).
March 17 - Jakob van de Panne
March 26 - Othmar Ammann
, engineer, Verrazano Narrows Bridge (+ 1965).
March 30 - Coen de Koning
, Dutch speed skater.
April 20 - Paul Poiret
, French couturier (+ 1944).
May 6 - Neeltje van den Houten
May 17 - Simon Petlyura
, Ukrainian independence fighter (+ 1926).
May 19 - Nancy Astor
, British parliamentarian (+ 1964).
May 19 - Viscount Waldorf Astor
, British businessman and politician (+ 1952).
May 23 - Dezso Lauber
, Hungarian sportsman.
May 25 - Max Aitken
, Statesman, newspaper baron (+ 1964).
May 27 - Karl Bühler
, psychologist (+ 1963).
June 10 - Kornelis van den Houten
July 12 - Adriana van der Mast
August 15 - Jacob Jacobus Barbier
September 14 - Margaret Sanger
, birth control advocate.
September 15 - Joseph Lyons
, tenth Prime Minister of Australia (+ 1939).
September 17 - Neeltje van den Houten
September 21 - Izaak van den Houten
September 30 - Jacoba Hendrika van den Houten
October 21 - Joseph Canteloube
, French composer and singer.
October 28 - Pieternella Cornelia van den Houten
October 29 - Leon Trotsky
- Russian revolutionary.
November 10 - Christoffel Willem Bruggeman
November 10 - Patrick Pearse
, Irish patriot and leader of the 1916 Easter Rising.
December 18 - Paul Klee
, Swiss artist.
December 20 - Aaltje van Bloois
December 21 - Joseph Stalin
- Soviet leader.
December 27 - Maarten Jonker
December 28 - Billy Mitchell
- military aviation pioneer.
December 31 - Arentje (Arendje) van den Houten
.Katrine (Kate) Troast
February 11 - Honore Daumier
February 11 - Willem J. van Zeggelen
, Dutch author.
February 25 - Charles Peace
, notorious British criminal (executed).
March 30 - Thomas Couture
, French painter and teacher.
June 1 - Napoleon Eugene
, Prince Imperial, only son of French Emperor Napoleon III,
killed fighting the Zulus.
November 21 - Krina Montfoort
December 8 - Leendert van den Houten
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