January 2 - Brigham Young
, is arrested for bigamy (25 wives).
February 20 - In New York City the Metropolitan Museum of Art opens.
March 1 - Yellowstone National Park is established as the world's first national park.
March 5 - George Westinghouse patents the air brake.
March 26 - Earthquake at Lone Pine, California with an estimated magnitude of 7.2 .
May 10 - Victoria Woodhull becomes the first woman nominated for President of the
May 22 - Reconstruction: President Ulysses S. Grant signs the Amnesty Act of 1872 into
law restoring full civil rights to all but about 500 Confederate sympathizers.
November - Ulysses S. Grant defeats Horace Greeley in the U.S. presidential election.
November 5 - Women's suffrage: In defiance of the law, suffragist Susan B. Anthony votes
for the first time (on November 18 she was served an arrest warrant and in the subsequent
trial she was fined $100 - she never paid the fine).
November 9 - Great Boston Fire of 1872: In Boston, Massachusetts, a large fire begins to
burn on Lincoln Street (the two day event destroyed about 65 acres of city, 776 buildings,
much of the financial district and caused US$60 million in damage).
November 26 - The San Francisco Evening Bulletin exposes one of the most notorious
mining scandals in US history, The Great Diamond Hoax.
November 29 - Indian Wars: The Modoc War begins with the Battle of Lost River.
December 4 - The crewless American ship Mary Celeste is found by the British brig Dei
Gratia (the ship was abandoned for 9 days but was only slightly damaged).
December 21 - HMS Challenger sails from Portsmouth on the 4 year scientific expedition
that would lay the foundation for the science of oceanography.
Austro-Hungarian North Pole Expedition.Births
January 6 - Alexander Scriabin
, composer (d. 1915).
January 31 - Zane Grey
, writer (d. 1939).
March 7 - Piet Mondrian
, painter (d. 1944).
March 13 - Jozua Joost van den Houten
April - Isaac Stoutjesdyk
May 16 - Kornelis van den Houten
May 18 - Bertrand Russell
, philosopher and logician.
May 19 - Martha Stoutjesdijk
May 22 - Leentje van den Houten
May 31 - Heath Robinson
, British cartoonist and illustrator.
July 1 - Louis Blériot
, French aviation pioneer.
July 4 - Calvin Coolidge
, American president.
July 23 - Jacob van den Houten
August 3 - King Haakon VII
August 10 - Bill Johnson
, jazz musician (d. 1972).
August 15 - Shri Aurobindo
August 21 - Aubrey Beardsley
, British artist.
August 29 - Johannes de Waal
September 19 - Clazina (Clasina) Suurland
November 30 - John McCrae
, Canadian soldier and poet (d. 1918).
December 7 - Adriaantje van den Houten
.Jakob (Jacob) van Houten
January 7 - James Fisk
March 24 - Jozina Hubertina van den Houten
April 1 - Frederick Maurice
, English theologian.
April 2 - Job Bakker
April 2 - Samuel Morse
, inventor of the Morse code.
April 6 - Krijn Bakker
June 4 - Johan Rudolf Thorbecke
, Dutch politician.
July 5 - Pieter van den Houten
August 4 - Wilhelmina Quant
October 25 - Helena (Lena) Matthijsse
December 1 - Lijntje van der Spuij
December 23 - Theophile Gautier
, poet, novelist.
Germany, Death of Ludwig Feuerbach
, German Philosophy.Benito Juarez
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