January 14 - Napoleon III
of France escapes an assassination attempt.
January 25 - The Wedding March by Felix Mendelssohn becomes a popular wedding
recessional after it is played on this day at the marriage of Queen Victoria's daughter Victoria,
"Vicky," the Princess Royal to Prince Friedrich of Prussia in St. James's Palace, London.
February 11 - The Virgin Mary is said appear to St Bernadette of Lourdes.
March 30 - Hyman Lipman patents a pencil with an attached eraser.
May 11 - Minnesota is admitted as the 32nd U.S. state.
June 23 - Kidnapping of Edgardo Mortara.
July 29 - United States and Japan sign the Harris Treaty.
August 5 - Cyrus West Field and others complete the first transatlantic telegraph cable after
several unsuccessful attempts.
August 16 - US President James Buchanan inaugurates the new trans-Atlantic telegraph cable
by exchanging greetings with Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. However, a weak signal
will force a shutdown of the service in a few weeks.
British Empire takes over powers & properties of the British East India Company (see also
history of Bangladesh).
William Marcy Tweed begins his thirteen-year term as "Boss" of Tammany Hall.Births
January 7 - Eliezer Ben-Yehuda
responsible for revival of Hebrew language.
January 10 - Heinrich Zille
, illustrator and photographer (d. 1929).
January 20 - Jannetje Bakker
January 25 - Kokichi Mikimoto
, pearl farm pioneer (d. 1954).
February 7 - Hubertus Franciscus van den Houten
March 9 - Neeltje van den Houten
March 18 - Rudolf Diesel
, inventor of the compression ignition engine (d. 1913).
March 1 - Georg Simmel
, German sociologist and philosopher.
April 23 - Max Planck
, German physicist, inventor of the quantum mechanics.
June 16 - King Gustav V
July 1 - Stoffel van den Houten
August 1 - Hans Rott
August 2 - Jan Dalebout
August 4 - Cornelis Kamerling
August 21 - Reinder (Minerd) Meekhof
August 27 - Giuseppe Peano
, Italian mathematician.
September 30 - Neeltje Vreeswijk
October 18 - Elbert van den Houten
October 22 - Wilhelmina Kornelia Maller
October 27 - Theodore Roosevelt
, later President of the United States.
November 29 - Wouter Pieter van Dijl
December 3 - Maria Johanna Agthoven
December 22 - Giacomo Puccini
, Italian composer.Deaths
January 7 - Adriaan van de Velde
February 27 - Janna van den Houten
March 4 - Matthew Perry
, American Commodore.
April 7 - Anton Diabelli
, music publisher, editor and composer.
April 22 - Neeltje Maria Nelemans
May 8 - Tannetje Oosterling
May 28 - Maatje de Witte
June 2 - Willem Tholenaars
June 3 - Johannes Tholenaars
June 3 - Julius Reubke
July 11 - Neeltje van den Houten
August 17 - Lena van den Houten
December 10 - Pieter Noteboom
27 December - Maria Quant (Maria Kwant)
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