January 9 - Earthquake at Fort Tejon, California with an estimated magnitude of 7.9 .
February 16 - The National Deaf Mute College (later renamed Gallaudet University) is
established in Washington, DC becoming the first school for the advanced education
of the deaf.
March 3 - France and the United Kingdom declare war on China.
March 6 - The Supreme Court of the United States rules in the Dred Scott v. Sandford case.
March 23 - Elisha Otis' first elevator is installed (at 488 Broadway, New York City).
May 10 - Indian Mutiny: In India, the sepoys revolt against the British Army.
May 11 - Indian Mutiny: Indian rebels seize Delhi from the British.
December 31 - Queen Victoria chooses Ottawa, Ontario as the capital of Canada.
The Supreme Court of the United States decides the Dred Scott case, driving the country
further towards the American Civil War.
The Mormons abandon Las Vegas.
Founding of Hollywood.
Restoration of the Mexican republic (see Mexico/History).
James Buchanan succeeds Franklin Pierce as President of the United States of America.
Discovery of La Tene culture artefacts in Switzerland by Hansli Kopp.
Philip Henry Gosse writes Omphalos text elaborating a Creationist school of thought.
University of Bombay established.Births
January 8 - Janna Dorst
January 23 - Johanna van den Houten
January 23 - Abraham Maller
January 27 - Leendert van den Houten
February 1 - Dingeman van den Houten
February 22 - Lord Robert Baden-Powell
, founder of the Scouting youth movement (1941).
February 22 - Heinrich Hertz
March 8 - Ruggiero Leoncavallo
, composer ( 1919).
March 14 - Pieter Noteboom
March 18 - Kommertje Vreeswijk
March 20 - Maria Bakker
March 27 - Anna Polderman
April 2 - Maria van den Houten
April 5 - Alexander of Battenberg
, first prince of Bulgaria.
April 20 - Lena van den Houten
May 9 - Arie de Haas
May 31 - Pope Pius XI
July 23 - Carl Meinhof
( 1944) German linguist.
July 30 - Thorstein Veblen
, economist ( 1929).
September 13 - Milton S. Hershey
, founder of the Hershey Chocolate Company.
September 15 - Neeltje Maria van den Houten
October 1 - Joost Tholenaars
October 10 - Johanna de Meris
October 14 - Griet Holleman
November 18 - Klaas van den Houten
November 25 - Jannetje (Jaantje) van den Houten
November 26 - Ferdinand de Saussure
, Swiss linguist.
November 28 - Alfonso XII
of Spain, later one of the Kings of Spain.
December 3 - Joseph Conrad
, Polish/British novelist (Heart of Darkness).
December 5 - Cornelia van Vliet
, one of the most famous songwriters of British Music Hall.Deaths
Febryary 6 - Anthonij Letzer
February 10 - David Thompson
, British-Canadian explorer, the first European to explore
Columbia River from source to mouth.
March 22 - Thomas Volaart
May 11 - Eugène François Vidocq
, French criminal, first director of Surete Nationale
and founder of the earliest known private detective agency.
May 23 - Augustin Louis Cauchy
, French mathematician.
July 1 - Stoffel van den Houten
July 18 - Juliana Golina Spekking
July 19 - Stefano Franscini
, member of the Swiss Federal Council (* 1796).
July 29 - Jan Berman
August 31 - Pieter Jacobi Coolhaas
September 3 - John McLoughlin
, Hudson's Bay Company Factor..
October 23 - Wilhelmina Maller
November 26 - Joseph von Eichendorff
, lyricist and narrator.
December 15 - Sir George Cayley
, English aviation pioneer.
December 20 - Neeltje Kwik
December 23 - Neeltje Maria van den Houten
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