Beginning of the Irish potato famine.
James Knox Polk succeeds John Tyler as President of the United States of America.
January 29 - The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe is published for the first time (New York
March 1 - President John Tyler signs a bill authorizing the United States to annex the
Republic of Texas.
March 3 - Florida is admitted as the 27th U.S. state.
March 3 - For the first time the United States Congress passes legislation overriding a
March 11 - First Maori War: Chiefs Kawiti and Hone Heke leads 700 Maoris in the
burning of the British colonial settlement of Kororareka, now known as Russell.
March 17 - The rubber band is invented in England.
May 20 - The HMS Erebus and Terror with 134 men under John Franklin sail from the
River Thames beginning a disastrous expedition to find the Northwest Passage.
July 4 - Near Concord, Massachusetts, Henry David Thoreau embarks on a two-year
experiment in simple living at Walden Pond (see Walden).
August 28 - Scientific American begins publication.
October 10 - In Annapolis, Maryland, the Naval School (later renamed the United States
Naval Academy) opens with 50 midshipmen students and seven professors.
October 13 - A majority of voters in the Republic of Texas approve a proposed constitution,
that if accepted by the United States Congress, will make Texas a U.S. state.
December 2 - Manifest Destiny: US President James Polk announces to Congress that the
Monroe Doctrine should be strictly enforced and that the United States should aggressively
expand into the West.
December 27 - Anesthesia is used for childbirth for the first time (Dr. Crawford Williamson
Long in Jefferson, Georgia).
December 29 - Texas is admitted as the 28th U.S. state.
Second separation of Republic of Yucatan from Mexico.Births
January 23 - Stoffelina van den Houten
February 16 - Tannetje Cornelia den Engelsman
February 25 - George Reid
, fourth Prime Minister of Australia, (+ 1918).
March 3 - Georg Cantor
, German mathematician (+ 1918).
March 10 - Emperor Alexander III
March 27 - Aaltje van den Houten
March 27 - Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen
, physicist, winner of the first Nobel Prize in
physics 1901 (+ 1923).
April 2 - Aren van den Houten
April 21 - Johanna Keuse
April 23 - Maria Huiberdina van den Houten
May 12 - Gabriel Fauré
, composer (+ 1924).
May 17 - Adriana van den Houten
May 17 - Jacint Verdaguer
, Catalan poet.
May 30 - King Amadeus I
June 17 - Pieternella van den Houten
July 19 - Horatio Nelson Young
, American naval hero (+ 1913).
August 4 - Johanna van den Houten
August 5 - Petrus Johannes van den Houten
August 25 - King Ludwig II
of Bavaria (+ 1886).
August 26 - Mary Ann Nicholls
, first confirmed victim of Jack the Ripper (+ 1888).
September 15 - Marinus van den Houten
October 6 - Leendert Vreeswijk
October 16 - Krina van de Velde
November 10 - John Sparrow David Thompson
, Canadian prime minister.
December 18 - Jan Noteboom
November 8 - Still born (boy) van den Houten
March 29 - Dingenis van den Ouden
April 15 - Leendert Beije
May 12 - Janos Bacsanyi
, Hungarian poet.
June 3 - Adriaantje van den Houten
June 8 - Andrew Jackson
, 7th president of the United States of America.
June 25 - Pieternella van den Houten
August 17 - Janna van den Houten
November 21 - Maria Hartman
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