January 3 - Austria, Britain, and France form a secret defensive alliance treaty against
Prussia and Russia.
January 8 - War of 1812: Battle of New Orleans.
February 3 - The first commercial cheese factory is founded (Switzerland).
February 6 - New Jersey grants the first American railroad charter to a John Stevens
February 26 - Napoleon Bonaparte
escapes from Elba.
March 1 - Napoleon returns to France from his banishment on Elba.
March 16 - Willem I
becomes King of the Netherlands.
March 20 - Napoleon enters Paris after escaping from Elba with a regular army of 140,000
and a volunteer force of around 200,000 beginning his "Hundred Days" rule.
April 12 - Mount Tambora in the Dutch East Indies blows its top during an eruption event
that started on April 5. 92,000 are killed during this eruption. The event is the cause of
1816 becoming known as the Year Without A Summer.
June 18 - Battle of Waterloo ends the Napoleonic wars.
June 22 - Napoleon abdicates again, restoration of Louis XVIII
as King of France.
July 17 - In France, Napoleon surrenders at Rochefort to British forces.
October 15 - Napoleon I of France begins his exile on St. Helena in the Atlantic Ocean.Births
January 11 - John A. Macdonald
, first Prime Minister of Canada (+ 1891).
February 15 - Constantin von Tischendorf
, Biblical scholar.
February 22 - Josias (Jozias) van den Houten
April 1 - Otto von Bismarck
, German statesman.
April 6 - Robert Volkmann
April 15 - Jacob Ubels Oosterhuis
April 24 - Anthony Trollope
, British author.
July 16 - Maria Brouwers
October 31 - Jan Bos
November 12 - Elizabeth Cady Stanton
, women's rights activist.
December 7 - Jan Volaart
December 21 - Thomas Couture
, French painter & teacher.Deaths
February 24 - Robert Fulton
, inventor, perfected the steamboat.
March 4 - Frances Abington
- english actress.
March 5 - Franz Mesmer
, developer of hypnotism.
April 27 - Berendina van den Houten
June 5 - Paulus van den Houten
August 9 - Aart Johannesz van den Houten
December 7 - Michel Ney
, a marshal of the French army, execution by firing squad.To my Homepage