January 7 - The first American commercial bank opens (Bank of North America).
January 15 - Superintendent of Finance Robert Morris goes before the United States
Congress to recommend establishment of a national mint and decimal coinage.
February 5 - Spanish defeat British forces and capture Minorca.
March 8 - In Ohio the Gnadenhutten massacre of Native Americans takes place in which
29 men, 27 women, and 34 children were killed by white militiamen in retaliation for raids
carried out by another Native American group.
April 6 - Rama I
succeeded King Taksin of Thailand who was overthrown in an coup d'etat.
April 12 - A British fleet under Admiral Sir George Rodney
defeats a French fleet under the
Comte de Grasse at the Battle of the Saintes in the West Indies.
August 7 - George Washington
orders the creation of the Badge of Military Merit to honor
soldiers wounded in battle. It is later renamed to the more poetic "Purple Heart".
November 30 - American Revolutionary War: In Paris, representatives from the United
States and the Kingdom of Great Britain sign preliminary peace articles (later formalized in
the Treaty of Paris).Births
January 1 - Maatje Klaasse Landman
January 18 - Daniel Webster
, statesman (+ 1852).
March 18 - John Calhoun
, Vice President of the United States (+ 1850).
July 26 - John Field
, composer (+ 1837).
September 15 - Elisabeth van den Houten
October 27 - Niccolo Paganini
, violinist and composer.
December 5 - Martin Van Buren
, eighth president of the United States of America.Charlotte Dacre
, author (+ 1842).Baptized
September 15 - Cornelia Teunisse Breesnee
, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, British Whig politician,
prime minister 1765-66 and 1782 (born 1730).Daniel Solander
, Swedish botanist (born 1736).Ange-Jacques Gabriel
, French architect (born 1698).Giovannini
, Italian composer.Hyder Ali
, Indian general, sultan of Mysore (born c1722).Daniel Bernoulli
, Swiss mathematical physicist (born 1700).Johann Christian Bach
, German composer (born 1735).Metastasio
, Pen name of Pietro Armando Dominico Trapassi, Italian poet and librettist
(born 1698).Richard Wilson
, Welsh painter (born 1714).To my Homepage