Zie: Wikipedia.
Gebeurtenissen:
John Hanson wordt verkozen tot de eerste President van de Verenigde Staten in Congres
Bijeen. In principe is dus hij en niet George Washington de eerste amerikaanse president.
13 Maart - Astronoom William Herschel ontdekt de planeet Uranus.
12 November - Jozef II vaardigt een decreet over de tolerantie uit. 'Akatholieken', dwz
joden maar ook protestanten krijgen in België godsdienstvrijheid, de cultusvrijheid blijft
tot de privésfeer beperkt.

Geboren:
5 Augustus - Jan van Oost.

Overleden:


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1781
See: Wikipedia.
Events:
January 5 - American Revolutionary War: Richmond, Virginia is burned by British naval
forces led by Benedict Arnold.
January 30 - Articles of Confederation ratified by 13th state, Maryland.
January - William Pitt the Younger, later Prime Minister, enters Parliament.
March 1 - American Continental Congress implements the Articles of Confederation.
March 13 - William Herschel discovers the planet Uranus.
March 15 - American Revolutionary War: American General Nathanael Greene loses Battle
of Guilford Court House to British.
August 30 - American Revolutionary War: French fleet under Comte de Grasse enters
Chesapeake Bay, cutting British General Charles Cornwallis off from escape by sea.
September 4 - Los Angeles is founded as El Pueblo de Nuestra Senora La Reina de Los
Angeles de Porciuncula (City of the Queen of the Angeles) by a group of 44 Spanish settlers.
September 5 - British fleet under Thomas Graves arrives and fights de Grasse, but to no
effect.
September 10 - Graves gives up trying to break through the now-reinforced French fleet and
returns to New York, leaving Cornwallis to his fate.
October 19 - General Charles Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown, Virginia, ending the armed
struggle of the American Revolutionary War.
November 5 - John Hanson is elected President of the Continental Congress.
December 12 - French and British fleets fight the Battle of Ushant.
Bank of North America is chartered by the Continental Congress.
Sir William Herschel discovers the planet Uranus, originally calling it Georgium Sidus
(George's Star) in honour of King George III of England.
Charles Messier publishes final catalog of Messier objects.
Carl Wilhelm Scheele discovers tungsten.
Immanuel Kant publishes Critique of Pure Reason.
Jeremy Bentham formulates utilitarian ethics.
Reverend Samuel Peters publishes General History of Connecticut, using the term blue law
for the first time.
Antonio Salieri selected as music teacher of Princess of Wurttemburg over Mozart.

Births:
January 26 - Achim von Arnim, poet (+ 1831).
January 30 - Adelbert von Chamisso, poet, botanist (+ 1838).
February 17 - Rene Theophile Hyacinthe Laennec, French physician, inventor
of stethoscope (+ 1826).
March 4 - Rebecca Gratz, American educator, philanthropist (+ 1869).
March 13 - Karl Friedrich Schinkel, master builder (+ 1841).
June 21 - Simeon Poisson, French mathematician, physicist (+ 1840).
July 6 - Thomas Stamford Raffles, founder of Singapore (+ 1826)
July 6 - John D. Sloat, American naval officer (+ 1867).
August 5 - Jan van Oost.
September 3 - Eugène de Beauharnais, son of Napoleon’s wife, Josephine.
September 6 - Anton Diabelli, music publisher, editor, composer
October 1 - James Lawrence, Captain of the United States Navy known for his success
fulactivities during the War of 1812.
November 6 - Lucy Aikin, English writer (+ 1864).
November 20 - Karl Friedrich Eichhorn, German jurist (+ 1854).
November 30 - Alexander Berry (d. 1873) Scotish adventurer, founder of Berry Australia.
December 11 - Sir David Brewster, Scottish physicist (+ 1868).
William Williams of Wern, minister (+ 1840).

Deaths:
March 18 - Anne Robert Jacques Turgot, Baron de Laune, French statesman, economist.
Peter Scheemakers, Flemish sculptor.


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1781

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