Swedish King Sigismund III Vasa is replaced by his brother Charles IX of Sweden.
First reported performance of Shakespeare's Julius Caesar in London.Births
February 13 - Pope Alexander VII (d. 1667).
March 22 - Anthony van Dyck, painter (d. 1641).
April 25 - Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland (d. 1648).
September 25 - Francesco Borromini, Swiss baroque sculptor and architect (d. 1667).
John Alden, English settler of the Plymouth Colony, passenger on the Mayflower (d. 1687).
Robert Blake, English admiral (d. 1657).Deaths
January 28 - Cristofano Malvezzi, Italian composer (b. 1547).
April 10 - Gabrielle d'Estrée, mistress to French King, Henri IV (b. 1571).
April 27 - Maeda Toshiie, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1538).
August 22 - Luca Marenzio, Italian composer.
September 11 - Beatrice Cenci, Italian noblewoman who conspired to kill her father (b. 1577).Nicolaas Dirkse van den Houte
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