February 8 - Mary, Queen of Scots is beheaded at Fotheringhay Castle in England after she
is implicated in a plot to murder her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I.
July 22 - Colony of Roanoke: A group of English settlers arrive on Roanoke Island off of
North Carolina to re-establish the deserted colony.
August 19 - Polish and Lithuanian nobles elect Sigismund Vasa as their king.
October 20 - Battle of Coutras - Huguenot forces under Henry of Navarre defeat Royalist
forces under Anne, Duc de Joyeuse, favorite of King Henry. Joyeuse is killed.
October 31 - Leiden University Library opens its doors after its founding in 1575.
First Filipinos in North America landed in Morro Bay near San Luis Obispo, California.
The Rose (theatre) is founded in London by Philip Henslowe.Births
January 5 - Xu Xiake, Chinese adventurer (died 1641).
January 6 - Gaspar de Guzmán y Pimentel, Count-Duke of Olivares (died 1645).
February 26 - Stefano Landi, Italian composer (died 1639).
May 8 - Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy (died 1637).
August 18 - Virginia Dare, Virginia colony settler (died 1588).
September 18 - Francesca Caccini, Italian composer (died 1640).
November 3 - Samuel Scheidt, German composer (died 1653).
Kaspar von Barth, German philologist (died 1658).
Willem Ysbrandtsz Bontekoe, skipper in the Dutch East India Company (VOC) (died 1657).
Nathaniel Field, English dramatist and actor (died 1620).
Arthur Johnston, Scottish physician and poet (died 1641).
Francis Kynaston, English courtier and poet (died 1642).
Krzysztof Ossolinski, Polish nobleman (died 1645).
Gabriel Oxenstierna, Swedish statesman (died 1640).
Yun Seondo, Korean politician and poet (died 1671).
Joost van den Vondel, Dutch dramatist and poet (died 1679).
Robert Rich, 2nd Earl of Warwick, English colonial administrator and admiral (died 1658).
George Yeardley, English colonial administrator in America (died 1627).Baptized
December 13 - Johan de Kanter
March 30 - Ralph Sadler, English statesman (born 1507).
April 8 - John Foxe, English author (born 1516).
April 14 - Edward Manners, 3rd Earl of Rutland (born 1548).
April 16 - Anne Stanhope, Duchess of Somerset (born 1497).
July 24 - Mary, Queen of Scots (executed) (born 1542).
October 19 - Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (born 1541).
Abe Motozane, Japanese daimyo (born 1513).
Vincenzo Bellavere, Italian composer.
Dudley Fenner, English puritan divine.
Nguyen Binh Khiem, Vietnamese poet and saint (born 1492).
Luís de Camões, Portuguese poet (born 1524).
Kaspar Olevianus, German protestant theologian (born 1536).
Vincenzo Ruffo, Italian Renaissance composer (born 1510).
Thomas Seckford, master of requests for Elizabeth I of England (born 1515).
Jan Tarlo, Polish nobleman.
George Whetstone, English dramatist and author (born 1544).To my Homepage